April 20, 2014

Michigan Legislation in December 2012

Congress was not the only busy legislative body in December.  Our state legislature also passed, and the Governor signed, several important bills which affect estate planning for Michigan residents.  We found the following to be of most interest to our estate planning clients:  

  • New Property Tax Uncapping Exemption for Transfers to Children:  This Bill, signed into law on December 27, 2012, amends the General Property Tax Act to allow parents to transfer residential real estate to a child (or certain other close family members of the first degree) without triggering an uncapping of the property taxes.  It should be noted that this bill is only effective for transfers after December 31, 2013 and the use of the property must not change following the transfer. For more information on issues related estate planning for a cottage or vacation home, please visit our blog at
  • 529 Plans Now Protected from Creditors:  This bill, effective January 2, 2013, exempts educational trusts and savings accounts, such as Michigan Education Savings Program accounts and 529 Plans, from being seized or garnished under a court judgment (i.e., a bankruptcy proceeding or when a creditor sues for repayment of a debt). 
  • Decanting: No Longer Just for Wine.  Do you have an irrevocable trust which contains provisions which you'd like to update?  The Michigan legislature may have provided a new solution. In late 2012, Michigan became the most recent state to permit trust "decanting."  Decanting is the process of "pouring" assets from one irrevocable trust into a different irrevocable trust, as long as the beneficial interests do not change materially. 
  • New Power of Attorney Formalities. Michigan's newly enacted law regarding durable powers of attorney for financial transactions now requires that, before exercising authority under a durable power of attorney, an agent (or attorney-in-fact) must execute an acknowledgment of his or her responsibilities. Also, prior law contained no formal requirements for execution of a durable power of attorney, only that it be in writing.   The new law requires that it be signed either in the presence of two witnesses or before a notary public.  As a practical matter, our clients have always signed in the presence of a two witness and a notary, except in exigent circumstances.  These requirements do not apply to durable powers of attorney executed before October 1, 2012, but it may be prudent to verify your agent has signed the required acknowledgment to ensure financial institutions will honor your durable power of attorney when it is needed. 

What of significance did not pass in 2012?  A package of legislation which purported to enhance Michigan’s Medicaid Estate Recovery program.  Michigan's existing Estate Recovery program, which was implemented on July 1, 2011, allows the State to recover amounts paid to medical assistance recipients through the Medicaid program following the recipient's death, but it is limited in scope to probate assets.  The failed legislation would have dramatically increased the reach of Estate Recovery and allowed State liens to be placed against a recipient's property. 

© 2014 Varnum LLP

About the Author

Pamela J. Tyler, Varnum Law Firm, Estate Administration Attorney

Pam’s estate planning practice, complemented by a strong tax background, focuses on business and family succession planning, asset protection, limited liability companies, charitable giving, prenuptial agreements, and retirement distribution planning, in addition to traditional trust and estate work.


About the Author

Christopher J. Caldwell, Estate Planning Attorney, Varnum law Firm

Chris works intimately with clients and their advisors to create estate plans that enable families to plan for today as well as for future generations. Chris regularly prepares sophisticated estate plans, emphasizing probate avoidance, estate tax planning, and business succession planning. In addition, Chris has an emphasis on helping families with cottage succession planning. Chris's practice also includes a significant focus on post-death planning and estate and trust administration.

Laura E. Radle, Varnum Law Firm, Real Estate Attorney

Laura is an associate in the estate planning group with an emphasis on cottage succession planning, and estate and trust administration. Laura is licensed to practice estate planning law in both Michigan and Florida.


Boost: AJAX core statistics

Legal Disclaimer

You are responsible for reading, understanding and agreeing to the National Law Review's (NLR’s) and the National Law Forum LLC's  Terms of Use and Privacy Policy before using the National Law Review website. The National Law Review is a free to use, no-log in database of legal and business articles. The content and links on are intended for general information purposes only. Any legal analysis, legislative updates or other content and links should not be construed as legal or professional advice or a substitute for such advice. No attorney-client or confidential relationship is formed by the transmission of information between you and the National Law Review website or any of the law firms, attorneys or other professionals or organizations who include content on the National Law Review website. If you require legal or professional advice, kindly contact an attorney or other suitable professional advisor.  

Some states have laws and ethical rules regarding solicitation and advertisement practices by attorneys and/or other professionals. The National Law Review is not a law firm nor is  intended to be  a referral service for attorneys and/or other professionals. The NLR does not wish, nor does it intend, to solicit the business of anyone or to refer anyone to an attorney or other professional.  NLR does not answer legal questions nor will we refer you to an attorney or other professional if you request such information from us. 

Under certain state laws the following statements may be required on this website and we have included them in order to be in full compliance with these rules. The choice of a lawyer or other professional is an important decision and should not be based solely upon advertisements. Attorney Advertising Notice: Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. Statement in compliance with Texas Rules of Professional Conduct. Unless otherwise noted, attorneys are not certified by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization, nor can NLR attest to the accuracy of any notation of Legal Specialization or other Professional Credentials.

The National Law Review - National Law Forum LLC 4700 Gilbert Ave. Suite 47 #230 Western Springs, IL 60558  Telephone  (708) 357-3317 If you would ike to contact us via email please click here.