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China’s Ministry of Commerce Revises the Guiding Opinions on the Declaration of Concentration by Business Operators

On June 6, 2014, the Ministry of Commerce published a revised version of the Guiding Opinions on the Declaration of Concentration by Business Operators (the 2014 Guiding Opinions), which took effect on the same day. The 2014 Guiding Opinions made certain significant changes to the 2009 version, adding greater clarity to the merger-control filing requirements. Such changes are summarized below:

Control. Under the PRC Anti-Monopoly Law, the procurement of direct or indirect control by an operator (the acquiring operator) over another operator (the target operator) is a form of business concentration. The 2014 Guiding Opinions clarify that control includes sole control and joint control. Further, the determination of whether there is control is a case-by-case determination requiring consideration of various factors including (but not limited to):

  • The purpose of the transactions and future plan;

    • The capital structure of the target operator prior to and subsequent to the transactions and changes thereto;

    • The shareholder voting mechanisms of the target operator;

    • The composition and the voting mechanism of the board of directors of the target operator;

    • The appointment and dismissal of the senior executives of the target operator;

    • Any voting agreements or arrangements among the shareholders or directors of the target operator; in the relationship between the shareholders and directors of another business operator; and

    • Whether the acquiring operator and the target operator have any significant business dealings or alliance arrangements.

  • Joint Control. A business concentration is deemed to have occurred when two business operators establish and have joint control over a joint venture. If only one business operator has control over the new joint venture, no concentration is deemed to have occurred.

  • Series of Transactions Deemed to be a Single Transaction. If the same business operators enter into several separate concentration transactions, none of which individually satisfies the conditions requiring the operators to make a merger-control filing, and the transactions occur within two years of each other, the transactions would been deemed to be one single concentration transaction for the purposes of determining whether a merger-control filing is required.

©2022 Greenberg Traurig, LLP. All rights reserved. National Law Review, Volume IV, Number 229
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About this Author

George Qi, Greenberg Traurig Law Firm, Shanghai, Corporate and Finance Law Attorney
Shareholder

George Qi is the Co-Managing Shareholder in the firm's Shanghai office. He practices primarily in China-related cross- border mergers and acquisitions, foreign direct investment and general corporate matters. He also has wide- ranging experience advising both U.S. and non-U.S. companies relating to internal investigations of FCPA or other regulatory violations.

Areas of Concentration

  • Corporate

  • Compliance

  • Foreign Corrupt Practices Act...

86021-6391-6633
Dawn (Dan) Zhang, Greenberg Traurig Law Firm, Shanghai, Corporate Law Attorney
Shareholder

Dawn (Dan) Zhang is Co-Managing Shareholder of the Shanghai Office and has broad experience advising clients on China-related cross-border mergers and acquisitions, restructuring, joint ventures, funds, and general corporate matters. Before joining Greenberg Traurig, Dawn practiced in other international law firms for many years and served as the PRC legal counsel for a multinational corporation, where she handled a wide variety of corporate matters for public and emerging growth companies. Dawn passed the national PRC judicial qualification examination in 1998 and is...

8621-6391-6633
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