September 20, 2019

September 20, 2019

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

September 19, 2019

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

September 18, 2019

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

September 17, 2019

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

Employers Prepare for Patchwork of Minimum Wage Rates for 2017

With the federal minimum wage stalled at $7.25 an hour since 2009, states, counties, and local governments have increasingly stepped in and passed legislation raising the minimum wage above the federal level. Because federal law does not prevent other jurisdictions from passing laws that are more protective of employees (the federal law establishes only a floor), the higher minimum wage rate in the employer’s jurisdiction applies.

In a 14-mile drive along the 101 in northern California between Palo Alto and Santa Clara, a job seeker will find four different hourly minimum wage rates, ranging from $10.50 (Los Altos) to $13.00 in Sunnyvale and Mountain View.

New York State, subject to the issuance of final regulations expected any day now, will be fractured into three different regions, each with different hourly minimum wage rates, as well as two separate rates for employers in New York City, depending on the size of the employer (large or small), and different rates for fast food workers.

It seems that no jurisdiction is too small. The small city of Emeryville, California, with an area of just 1.25 square miles has even established its own minimum wage rates.

Below are minimum wage increases slated to go into effect in the new year (January 1, 2017, unless otherwise noted). Increases range from a nickel all the way to $2.00 per hour. Anticipated increases in several jurisdictions are subject to legal challenge.

Jurisdiction

Rate

Increase

Alaska

$9.75

$0.05

Arizona

$10.00

$1.95

Arkansas

$8.00

$0.50

California (statewide, for employers with at least 26 employees)

$10.50

$0.50

    Cupertino, CA

$12.00

$2.00

    El Cerito, CA

 $12.25

 $0.65

    Long Beach, CA

 $10.50

 $0.50

    Los Altos, CA

 $10.50

 $0.50

    Mountain View, CA

 $13.00

 $2.00

    Oakland, CA

 $12.86

 $0.31

    

 

 

    Palo Alto, CA

 $12.00

 $1.00

    Richmond, CA

 $12.38

 $0.78

    Sacramento, CA

 $10.50

 $0.50

    San Diego, CA

 $11.50

 $1.00

    San Jose, CA

 $10.50

 $0.20

    Santa Clara, CA

 $11.10

 $0.10

    Sunnyvale, CA

 $13.00

 $2.00

Colorado

$9.30

$0.99

Connecticut

$10.10

$0.50

Florida

$8.10

$0.05

Hawaii

$9.25

$0.75

Iowa, Johnson County

$10.10

$0.95

Iowa, Wapello County

$10.10

$0.95

Maine (statewide)

$9.00

$1.50

    Portland, ME

$10.68

$0.58

Massachusetts

$11.00

$1.00

Michigan

$8.90

$0.40

Missouri

$7.70

$0.05

Montana

$8.15

$0.10

New Jersey

$8.44

$0.06

New Mexico

 

 

    Albuquerque, NM

$8.80/$7.80 (if employer pays $2,500 annually toward health or childcare)

$0.05

    Bernalillo County, NM

 $8.70

 $0.05

    Las Cruces NM

$9.20

$0.80

New York (statewide)

$9.70

$0.70

    New York City (employers with 10 or fewer employees)

$10.50

$1.50

    New York City (employers with at least 11 employees)

$11.00

$2.00

    New York City (for fast food employers)

$12.00

$1.50

    Nassau, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties

$10.00

$1.00

Ohio

$8.15

$0.05

South Dakota

$8.65

$0.10

Vermont

$10.00

$0.40

Washington (statewide)

$11.00

$0.53

    Seattle, WA (500+ employees in the U.S.)

$15.00/$13.50 (if employer pays toward medical benefits plans)

$2.00/$1.00

    Seattle, WA (< 500 employees in the U.S.)

$13.00/$11.00 (if employee receives tips or employer pays money toward medical benefits equivalent to $2.00 per hour)

$0.50/$1.00

    SeaTac (hospitality/transportation workers)

$15.35

$0.11

    Tacoma, WA

$11.15

$0.80

(Increases to minimum wage in Kansas City and St. Louis in Missouri, scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2017, have been postponed due to legal challenges. A ruling is expected soon.)

Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2019

TRENDING LEGAL ANALYSIS


About this Author

Jeffrey Brecher, Jackson Lewis, Management Arbitration Lawyer, Labor Litigation Attorney
Principal

Jeffrey W. Brecher is a Principal in the Long Island, New York, office of Jackson Lewis, and is Practice Group Leader of the firm's Wage and Hour practice. He has litigated hundreds of cases, defending management at arbitration, before state and federal administrative agencies and at trial.

Mr. Brecher regularly advises clients on compliance with various state and federal laws affecting the workplace, including discrimination and related claims arising under Title VII, Family and Medical Leave Act, Americans with...

631-247-4652
Richard Greenberg, Jackson Lewis, workplace grievances lawyer, arbitrations litigation attorney
Principal

Richard Greenberg is a Principal in the New York City, New York, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. He advises both unionized and union-free clients on a full-range of labor and employee relations matters.

With respect to traditional labor matters, Mr. Greenberg represents clients in collective bargaining negotiations, labor disputes, grievances and arbitrations, proceedings before the National Labor Relations Board, and in state and federal court. Mr. Greenberg also advises clients on the legal aspects of remaining union-free. With respect to employee relations matters, Mr. Greenberg has extensive experience assisting clients in numerous industries with the development and maintenance of personnel policies and personnel infrastructures. In this regard, Mr. Greenberg often works on these issues with clients as business needs and culture change as a result of business transactions, such as mergers and acquisitions.

212-545-4080
Jacqueline C. Tully, Labor Employment Attorney, Jackson Lewis Law Firm
Associate

Jacqueline C. Tully is a Principal in the Washington, D.C. Region office of Jackson Lewis P.C. Since entering private practice in 2003, she has focused on advising clients on state and federal employment laws, and she represents employers in litigation and administrative procedures.

Ms. Tully focuses her practice on management-side wage and hour law. Her extensive experience both litigating and providing counsel regarding wage and hour matters informs her practical and holistic approach to each practice area.

Ms. Tully’s practice includes...

703-483-8322