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McDermottPlus Check-up: October 4, 2019

This Week’s Dose

The impeachment inquiry proceedings are still moving forward, despite the Congressional recess. Surprise billing activity continued, and the Trump Administration issued an Executive Order on Medicare.

Congress

Ways and Means Issued Letter on Surprise Billing. 

In a leaked letter, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Richard Neal (D-MA) proposed a new approach to address surprise medical bills. Like previous proposals, patients would be insulted from liability in surprise billing situations. However, rather than requiring an independent dispute resolution process or setting a benchmark rate, Neal’s proposal creates a committee of Executive branch departments and stakeholders that would engage in a negotiated rulemaking process to develop regulations specifying resolution of payment disputes between providers and plans. According to the letter, staff will be drafting legislative text over the recess.  This approach could represent a political resolution to one main sticking point between the various surprise billing legislative proposals.  However, it likely also prolongs the timeline for resolving surprise medical bills and this approach may not achieve as much savings as other approaches, which can make it a less attractive option for policy makers.

Administration

Trump Signed Executive Order on Medicare. 

The Trump Administration issued an Executive Order (EO) aimed at strengthening Medicare.  The EO reiterates common Administration themes: opposing Democrats’ Medicare for All proposals, emphasizing opportunities to increase patient choice and transparency and reducing paperwork burdens. The EO also includes some specific policy ideas intended to strengthen Medicare Advantage (MA), including examining network adequacy requirements and increasing flexibility for plans.  Notably, a report is required that would examine approaches to modifying Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) payments to more closely reflect the prices paid for services in MA and the commercial insurance market. While the EO is short on specifics, previous EOs have set the tone for Administration rulemaking and we expect to see efforts to implement some of these proposals in the forthcoming annual MA rate and policy setting process.

CMS Announced ACO Savings. 

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released performance results showing that the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) generated $739.4 million in net savings across 548 Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) in 2018.  In a Health Affairs blog post, CMS Administrator Verma summarized the findings that ACOs that received shared savings payments had decreases in inpatient, emergency room, and post-acute care spending and utilization, while ACOs with spending exceeding their targets tended to show increases in these areas.  She also noted that almost 11 million FFS beneficiaries now get care from an ACO.  Last December, CMS overhauled the program under the Pathways to Success final rule, which required ACOs to move to two-sided risk arrangements on a shorter timeline.  It remains to be seen what impact that rulemaking will have on participation in MSSP ACOs because the first cohort under the new regime began participation in July 2019.

New Rules at OMB. 

Three new rules are now pending review at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The Medicaid and CHIP Managed Care final rule would make changes to the 2016 Obama administration Medicaid managed care rule. It is likely to give states more freedom to define network adequacy in Medicaid managed care and to set the capitation rates paid to Medicaid plans. The Interoperability and Patient Access final rule is expected to move the health care industry toward a more accessible and interoperable health care ecosystem. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Notice of Benefit and Payment Parameters for 2021 is an annual proposed rule that sets forth payment parameters and provisions related to the risk adjustment and risk adjustment data validation programs, cost-sharing parameters, and user fees for issuers offering plans on Federally-facilitated Exchanges and State-based Exchanges using the Federal platform. 

Courts 

Judge Signals a Freeze on Public Charge Rule. 

A federal judge in California is considering whether to block a recent Trump Administration rule that would add the use of public benefits like Medicaid to the list of factors immigration officials can cite when denying green card applications. A coalition of states and advocacy groups, led by California, is challenging the rule, which is set to take effect on October 15, 2019. While the judge noted during oral arguments this week that she does not see a compelling reason to issue a nationwide injunction, she asked the plaintiffs to provide additional rationale for a narrower freeze. Legal challenges to the rule have also been filed in Washington, New York, Maryland and Illinois, adding to the list of Trump Administration policies that have been challenged in court. 

Next Week’s Diagnosis

One more week of recess ahead of Columbus Day.

Additionally, OMB has concluded its review of both the CMS Stark proposed rule and the HHS Office of Inspector General and Anti-Kickback Safe Harbor proposed rule.  We may see them as soon as later today.  We will be reviewing and writing on both.  

© 2020 McDermott Will & Emery

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About this Author

Mara McDermott, McDermott Law Firm, Washington DC, HealthCare Law Executive

Mara is an accomplished health care executive with a deep understanding of federal health care law and policy, including delivery system reform, physician payment and Medicare payment models.

Most recently Mara served as the senior vice president of federal affairs at America’s Physician Groups (formerly the California Association of Physician Groups, CAPG), a professional association representing medical groups and independent practice associations practicing in capitated, coordinated care models. As head of the Washington, DC, office, Mara...

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Rachel Stauffer, McDermott Law Firm, Washington DC, Health Policy Consultant

Rachel is a highly experienced government relations and legislative affairs strategist and advocate who is informed by a solid foundation of health policy knowledge.

Prior to joining McDermottPlus, Rachel served as the director of policy and government relations for a health IT contractor, where she developed the company’s first strategic plan for government relations. She grew the company’s profile on Capitol Hill by establishing new relationships with key leaders in the federal, state and military health program space. As a result, the company became an authoritative source on a variety of legislative approaches, especially related to veterans’ health.

Prior to that role, Rachel was lead legislative liaison at the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) where she was instrumental in providing research, analysis and feedback to Members of Congress and staff on the 21st Century Cures legislation, among other relevant policies. Rachel also created short- and long-term strategic outreach plans that increased ONC’s visibility and profile.

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Katie Waldo Healthcare Attorney

Katie is an experienced government relations strategist who helps clients navigate the complex issues surrounding Medicare, Medicaid and the healthcare marketplace.

Katie works with clients to represent their needs before the US Congress and the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and its agencies by relying on extensive experience as a policy advisor on the Medicaid and Medicare programs, as well as the 340B program and other aspects of the Public Health Service Act. She anticipates the effects of state and federal policymaking on issues impacting their businesses and...

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Government Relations Professional and Registered Lobbyist

Emma is a government relations professional and registered lobbyist who supports clients on a range of health policy issues.

As a policy consultant, Emma lobbies and consults with legislators and congressional staff on issues relating to Medicare, Medicaid payment and regulation, and the 340B Drug Pricing Program. She provides analysis of the federal political and regulatory environment, and routinely monitors pertinent Hill activities including congressional hearings, bill markups and think tank events.

Emma graduated...

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