The Walls Shouldn’t Have Ears: Ruling on Eavesdropping Puts Burden of Prevention on Illinois Employers
Are your employees surreptitiously recording conversations? It's a frightening thought. But based upon a new Illinois Supreme Court ruling, they are now free to do so. To discourage this behavior, Illinois employers should consider implementing a policy prohibiting such surreptitious recordings.
In People v. Clark, the Illinois Supreme Court ruled that the state eavesdropping statute, which had made it illegal to record conversations in Illinois without the consent of all parties, was unconstitutionally overbroad under the First Amendment. The state Supreme Court reasoned that audio and audiovisual recordings are "medias of expression commonly used for the preservation and dissemination of information and ideas and thus are included within the free speech and free press guarantee" of the First Amendment.
Consider for a moment how your employees might use secretly recorded conversations against you. An employee who has previously complained to your human resources department about another employee who made inappropriate sexist or racist comments, may now freely record all conversations with the colleague, and can use those recordings in a lawsuit against the company. Or, an employee might surreptitiously record everything said during an internal investigation of alleged wrongdoing by the company, and could then provide third parties with those recordings.
Given the removal of statutory barriers, Illinois employers are now forced to create their own systems for preventing this objectionable conduct. One such avenue would be to implement a policy prohibiting the recording of conversations absent the consent of all parties.
Under certain circumstances, employers may want to record workplace conversations. However, the employer, not each individual employee, should dictate when recording conversations is appropriate. Company policy should be unequivocal and forbid the recording of any conversations with colleagues or business conversations with third parties, regardless of where such conversations take place, without the consent of all parties to the conversation.
Note that such a policy would not prohibit an employee from using such surreptitious recordings in a lawsuit against the company, or from sharing such recordings with others, because Illinois law no longer requires the consent of all parties. But with clear guidelines in place, Illinois employers would at least have the option of taking disciplinary action against employees who violate the company's policy. Employees generally don't want to risk losing their jobs by violating such rules, and may therefore think twice before making secret recordings.
In response to the concerns of employers and others, the Illinois General Assembly is already considering new legislation that would limit the recording of conversations in a way that does not violate the Constitution. And while Illinois employers should monitor the progress of such prospective legislation, adoption of a company policy prohibiting the secret recording of conversations can help reduce the likelihood of such behavior in the interim.