Greenland is a constituent country in Denmark. Although it lies on the American continent, Greenland is linked to European culture and politics. Most residents are Inuit, and began migration from Canadian provinces dating back to the 13th century. Greenland is the largest island in the world, and has ¾ of its landmass covered by permanent ice sheets. The country is the least densely populated in the world, with nearly ⅓ of residents living in Nuuk, the capital and largest city.
Greenland became a Danish colony in 1814; it became part of the Danish Realm in 1953, under Denmark’s Constitution. In 1973, along with Denmark, Greenland joined the European Economic Community. Following a 1982 referendum, Greenland withdrew from the EEC in 1985. Greenland was granted home rule by Denmark in 1979, and in 2008, residents voted in favor of the Self Governance Act.
Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Margrethe II is the head of state and the monarch retains executive power. After introduction of a parliamentary system of government, many roles of the monarch has become ceremonial and representative, having little authority in how the country is governed today.
Greenland’s judiciary consists of 4 district courts, the Court of Greenland, and the High Courts of Greenland. District courts typically hear the case of first instance, prior to appeals. All Judges in the Court of Greenland and the High Court of Greenland are also lawyers in the country. Rulings at the HIgh Court levels can be appealed wit permissions given by the Appeals Permission Board. At which time, these cases are brought before the Supreme Court.
The National Law Review covers the latest news, stories, and legislative stories from Greenland. Cases relating to oil and gas laws, international investment opportunities, and Brexit implications on Greenland, and the EU in general, are a few of the cases covered on the site. Visitors to the National Law Review will always find the most up to date news and stories, as they relate to the country of Greenland, Denmark, and foreign relations in the EU and around the world.