March 28, 2023
Volume XIII, Number 87
March 28, 2023
- Florida’s New Tort Reform Package: Placing Responsibility on... by: Donna M. Krusbe
- U.S. Executive Branch Update – March 28, 2023 by: Stacy A. Swanson
- ECHA Updates Recommendations to Improve REACH Registrations by: Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton
- Weeding Out Employees: The Ups and Downs of Drug-Testing... by: Paige T. Bennett and Matthew F. Nieman
- Registered Scheme and CCIV Compliance: Obligation to Give Notice of... by: Matthew J. Watts and Rebecca Mangos
- Another False Claims Act Salvo in DOJ’s “Civil Cyber-Fraud Initiative” by: Vipal Patel
- USCIS Completes Initial FY 2024 H-1B Selection Process by: Jared M. Hooven
- Robotic Systems Compel OSHA to Consider Revising Its Lockout/Tagout... by: Courtney M. Malveaux
- Technical Effect Embodied In Technical Teaching by: Christiane Schweizer
- Gold Dome Report – Legislative Day 39 (2023) by: Stanley S. Jones, Jr. and Helen L. Sloat
- $35M SEC Settlement Underscores Processes, Procedures Ensuring... by: Richard J. Cino and Susan M. Corcoran
- The Superior Court Has The Authority To Determine The Validity Of... by: Keith Paul Bishop
March 27, 2023
- Weekly Bankruptcy Alert: March 27 by: Bankruptcy & Creditors' Rights
- Hydrocarbon Tax Policy Trends by: John T. Woodruff and Christopher G. Cottrell
- Negative Option Practices Under Increased Scrutiny in the US by: Malika Levarlet and Jason Mueller
- Breakfast with Bradley Q1 2023 – It’s a Two-for-One BwB: Retirement... by: Anne R. Yuengert and Caleb L. Barron
- Stripped and Outnumbered: Compromising Guarantee Claims in a CVA by: Rebecca Terrace and Rachael Markham
- Fatal Auto Accident Crashes Up Nearly 33% Over Past Decade by: Lawrence J. Buckfire
- BENEFITS AND LEGAL RISKS OF EMBRACING GENERATIVE AI APPLICATIONS by: Lorena Niebla and Jeremy D. Glaser
- 546(e)’s Not-So-Safe Harbor: Second Influential Judge Echoes Concerns... by: Jason G. Cohen and Robert Grattan
- The U.S. Department of Justice Loses Another Labor-related Antitrust... by: Kaitlin E. Rittgers
- What Medical Expenses Qualify as Tax Deductible Under Section 213 Of... by: Isaac S. Baskin
- Weekly IRS Roundup March 20 – March 24, 2023 by: Sarah M. Raben
- Child Labor: 9 Key Strategies to Mitigate Risk of Child Labor in the... by: Jacqueline A. Hayduk
- Who (Actually) is the Boss? The NLRB, Supervisors, and Non-... by: Jennifer B. Rubin
- House Subcommittee Will Hold Hearing on EPA’s FY 2024 Budget Request by: Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton
- FTC Looks to Crack Down on Subscription and Membership Auto-Renewals by: Antitrust and Consumer Protection at Hunton Andrews Kurth
- Can We Be Good Neighbors? EPA Finalizes Plan To Reduce Interstate Air... by: Bruce White
- Michigan Governor Signs Into Law Two Landmark Bills Repealing Right-... by: Ahmad Chehab and Carrick D. Craig
- Second Circuit Affirms $5.6B Settlement of Antitrust Claims in... by: Jonathan Rubin
- USCIS Conducts Lottery Selection Process for H-1B FY2024 Cap by: John F. Quill
- UK High Court Hands Down Decision in Sova Capital by: Prav Reddy and Sonya Van de Graaff
- Hot Topics in Private M&A Transactions in the UK: Macroeconomic... by: Oliver Williams and Edward A. Tran
- Old North State Report – March 27, 2023 by: George M. Teague
- FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Dietary Guidance Statements on Food... by: Food and Drug Law at Keller and Heckman
- When Does a Claim Become a “Claim”? A Lesson on Timely Notice by: Matthew J. Revis and Patrick M. McDermott
- Last Dance with Mary Jane? Faltering Cannabis Businesses May Have a... by: Jason Fortenberry and Slates C. Veazey
- NLRB General Counsel Releases Guidance in the Wake of McLaren Macomb by: Delaney M. Busch and Evan M. Piercey
- FTC Focuses on Pixel Tracking, and Not Just at Healthcare Companies by: Joseph J. Lazzarotti
- U.S. Executive Branch Update – March 27, 2023 by: Stacy A. Swanson
- Email Layoffs from the Employment Litigator’s Lens by: Paul M. Huston and Danielle M. Bereznay
- Florida’s New Tort Reform Package: The Modernizing of Florida’s Bad... by: Dale S. Dobuler
- Relax Jack...It’s Only a Joke! by: Michael D. Pegues and Russell S. Jones Jr.
- CFPB, FTC Seek Public Comment on Tenant Background Checks by: Moorari Shah and A.J. S. Dhaliwal
- IP Lawyer vs. ChatGPT: Top 10 Legal Issues of Using Generative AI at... by: Shabbi S. Khan and Kathleen E. Wegrzyn
- “Oh, Baloney!” SEC Sues Father, Son, and Friend for Manipulating the... by: Peter D. Hutcheon
- People’s Republic of China: First QDLP Managed by WFOE PFM Launched... by: Chloe Duan and Grace Ye
- Pandemic Watchdogs Could Soon Get a Bigger Bite by: Clark Kent Ervin
- New Law Exempts Certain Airline Cabin Crew from California Meal and... by: Yvonne Arvanitis Fossati
- Legislative Corrosion of Time Bars in Construction Contracts by: Sandra Steele and Alex Rickarby
- Green Light at the Intersection of First Amendment and Patent-Related... by: Stephanie D. Scruggs
- California Bill Banning Foreign-Influenced Business Entity... by: Keith Paul Bishop
- People's Republic of China: CSRC Expanding Registration Based... by: Chloe Duan and Grace Ye
- Texas Supreme Court Affirms The Release In A Family Settlement... by: David Fowler Johnson
March 26, 2023
- UPDATE: NLRB GC Abruzzo Makes Clear All Non-Disparagement and... by: Michael J. Lebowich and Joshua S. Fox
- Keller and Heckman Webinar: Navigating the FCC’s Universal Service... by: Gregory E. Kunkle and Casey Lide
- Mississippi Gaming Commission Meeting Report: March 23 by: Thomas B. Shepherd III and Christopher S. Pace
March 25, 2023
- EC Committee Issues Final Opinion on Hydroxyapatite (Nano) in Oral... by: Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton
- Beltway Buzz, March 24, 2023 by: James J. Plunkett
- Court Holds That Some Inappropriate Communications Between Employees... by: Philippe A. Lebel and Ryan P. McGill
- Governor Whitmer Signs Legislation Repealing Michigan’s Right-to-Work... by: Christopher Mikula and Eric C. Stuart
Iran (Persia) is officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is a sovereign state in Western-Asia. As the world’s 18th most populous nation, it is home to 81 million inhabitants.
The country is home to some of the world’s oldest civilizations, including the Elamite Kingdoms, which date back to 4 BC. It is a founding member of ECO, NAM, OPEC, UN, and OIC. The country has the largest natural gas reserves in the world and the fourth largest proven oil reserves, making it a major regional and middle power. The nation is also known as a multinational country which is made up of many linguistic and ethnic groups.
The country became known as the Government of Islamic Republic of Iran after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, after the conditional government met and a referendum was held, with a theocratic constitution--the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran--approved in December of 1979, leading to the end of the monarchy and the Shah fleeing the country.
The invasion of the Iranian province of Khuzestan on September 22, 1980 marked the onset of the Iraq-Iran War. Saddam Hussein’s army made several attacks on the country, but the Irani military forces successfully managed to push the Iraqi Army back to their home country. In 1982, the Iranian regime attacked Iraqi territory in an attempt to conquer major cities like Basra. The war lasted through 1988 when Iraqi forces defeated Iran, pushing their remaining troops back to their home-borders. Khomeini went onto accept a truce which was drafted by the United Nations.
The government in Iran is headed by the Supreme Leader, who is responsible for delineation of policies in the country. The elected President has little power in government operations. The Supreme Leader outlines how elections are run in the country, and makes final decisions on the environment, economy, education, foreign policy, and nearly everything else in the country. Prior to being appointed, the President must also gain approval by the Supreme Leader.
Iran’s government central goal is to establish a new world order which is based on justice, world peace, and global collective security. The country maintains diplomatic relations with 99 members of the United Nations, but not the US. The country is a member of G15, IBRD, G24, G77, IDA, IDB, and several other international organizations.
The Iranian legal system was dramatically altered in the Islamic revolution of 1979. Elements of civil law remain, however, the system is largely based on Islamic, or Sharia, law. The constitution stipulates that the judiciary is independent, but the entire legal system is overseen by the Ministry of Justice. The Head of the Judiciary is appointed by the Supreme Leader for a term of five years; it is this person’s job to organize the judiciary and oversee justices.
The Iranian court structure includes Revolutionary Courts, Public Courts, Courts of Peace and Supreme Courts of Cassation. There are 70 branches of the Revolutionary Courts. Public courts consist of Civil (205), Special Civil (99), First class criminal (86) and Second Class Criminal (156). Courts of Peace are divided into Ordinary courts (124), and Independent Courts of Peace (125), and Supreme Courts of Cassation (22). The courts run as an inquisitorial system, rather than adversarial, with the judge listening to both sides and pronouncing judgments, sometimes with help from other justices in serious cases.
The National Law Review covers news and business stories from Iran. From government imposed sanctions on the US and foreign government entities to the country’s major impact on the world’s oil and gas consumption, and policies on nuclear and non-nuclear designations in the country. Visitors can read about election news, government relations, and how Iran impacts the international realm, in oil, energy, nuclear, and other sectors.