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Application of EU Competition Law During the COVID-19 Crisis

The rapid spread of COVID-19 in Europe and the measures being implemented to counter the disease have resulted in an unprecedented surge of consumer demand for essential supplies.

In response to the unfolding crisis the European Competition Network (ECN) has issued on 23 March 2020 – on behalf of the European Commission, the EFTA Surveillance Authority and the national competition authorities of all EU and EEA Member States1 – a joint statement outlining the approach to the enforcement of EU/EEA competition law during the current crisis.

The ECN statement acknowledges the social and economic consequences resulting from the COVID-19 outbreak and outlines the following positions in relation to the enforcement of EU/EEA competition law during the crisis:

The ECN will not actively intervene against competitors cooperating in relation to necessary and temporary measures aimed at ensuring the supply and fair distribution of scarce products to all consumers.

The ECN considers that in the current circumstances such measures are unlikely to be problematic from a competition law perspective because they would:


either not amount to a restriction of competition falling with the general prohibition of anti-competitive conduct (as set out in Article 101(1) TFEU/Article 53(1) EEA); or

even if they fall within the relevant provisions, generate sufficient efficiencies that would outweigh any such restriction (i.e. meet the test for automatic exemption set out in Article 101(3) TFEU / Article 53(3) EEA).

Parties with doubts concerning the compatibility of any cooperation initiatives with EU/EEA competition law may as appropriate contact the European Commission, the EFTA Surveillance Authority or the national competition authorities for informal guidance.

On a separate but related note, the ECN statement warns that the relevant enforcement authorities will “not hesitate to take action against companies taking advantage of the current situation by cartelising or abusing their dominant position.” It also notes that manufacturers are within the existing rules already empowered to set maximum resale prices and that this “could prove useful to limit unjustified price increase at the distribution level”, i.e., be used to prevent price gouging by resellers.

The above development echoes the administrative and legislative measures announced in the United Kingdom on 19 and 20 March 2020, which are aimed at safeguarding fundamental consumer needs during the COVID-19 crisis by enabling certain cooperation between supermarkets and creating a dedicated enforcement task force to counter harmful sales and pricing practices such as price gouging. See the previous GT Alert “UK Competition Law: Accommodations for Safeguarding Fundamental Consumer Needs During the COVID-19 Crisis” for further details.2

This GT Alert is limited to non-U.S. matters and law.

For more information and updates on the developing COVID-19 situation, visit GT’s Health Emergency Preparedness Task Force: Coronavirus Disease 2019

1 The EU Member States are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. The EEA Member States (which are not also EU Member States) are: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.

 2 While the UK retains access to certain ECN resources during the transition period following its withdrawal from the EU, the UK Competition and Markets Authority is no longer an ECN member.

©2020 Greenberg Traurig, LLP. All rights reserved. National Law Review, Volume X, Number 85


About this Author

Gillian Sproul, Greenberg Traurig Law Firm, London, Litigation Attorney

Gillian Sproul focuses her practice on advising clients on the impact of EU and UK competition law on their transactions, operations and business strategy. She represents clients in cartel and abuse of dominance cases, energy regulatory investigations and market inquiries before the EU and UK regulators and courts and has obtained EU, UK and other national clearances for numerous complex M&A and joint venture transactions. Her experience extends also to advising clients on competitor co-operation and information exchange, distribution and licensing and compliance....

Simon Harms, Greenberg Traurig Law Firm, London, Corporate Litigation Attorney

Simon Harms is an Associate in the London Competition & Regulatory Group. He advises clients on all aspects of UK and EU competition law, including behavioural antitrust advice, competition litigation and UK/EU merger control.

In particular, Simon has considerable expertise in managing and coordinating worldwide merger control filings for multi-national transactions, with recent experience of the EUMR, MOFCOM and COMESA merger control regimes.

On the behavioural side, Simon has recently assisted clients in relation to investigations conducted by competition law enforcement bodies in the UK and the US. In addition, he also regularly advises on UK and EU regulatory matters, public procurement and regulated utilities.

Simon's experience spans a wide range of industries, including fast food franchising in Europe, banking in Sub-Saharan Africa, distribution arrangements across the EU as well as the construction equipment, shipping, medical devices and the UK water sectors.