NAIC ADOPTS THE REINSURANCE REGULATORY MODERNIZATION PROPOSAL
In its Winter Meeting, the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) adopted the Reinsurance Regulatory Modernization Proposal drafted and previously adopted by the Reinsurance Task Force of the Financial Condition (E) Committee. The proposal as adopted, would allow ceding insurers to take credit for reinsurance assumed by unauthorized, unaccredited reinsurers, without regard to the cedents’ domiciliary states’ collateral requirements.
The proposal contemplates two new classes of reinsurers. The first class of reinsurer would be National Reinsurers, which are U.S. reinsurers licensed and domiciled in one state, referred to as the “Home State”, that are permitted to conduct business in that state and the entire domestic market. The second class of reinsurers contemplated under the proposal would be Point of Entry Reinsurers (“POE Reinsurers”), which are non-reinsurers certified by a point of entry state (“POE State”) to provide creditable reinsurance to the U.S. market. A single state would be responsible for regulating each National Reinsurer and POE Reinsurer.
With respect to National Reinsurers, the home state would be responsible for approving licensure, conducting solvency examinations, insuring compliance with applicable state law, and establishing the reinsure’s rating for collateral purposes. With respect to POE Reinsurers, the POE States would be responsible for entering into a supervisory recognition framework with supervisors in non-U.S. jurisdictions, certifying POE Reinsurers, establishing the reinsure’s rating for collateral purposes, adjusting such rating for collateral purposes, consulting with non-U.S. regulators regarding any issues with POE Reinsurers, advising all host states of such issues, and receiving annual fees. Finally, under the proposal, reinsurers are not required to become National or POE Reinsurers. Rather, they may continue to conduct business under the existing regulatory framework in accordance with the current NAIC model credit for reinsurance law as adopted by the states.
The proposal also contemplates the creation of a new NAIC Reinsurance Supervision Review Department (“RSRD”) to evaluate and establish such standards for such supervisors. The proposal charges the RSRD with the responsibility to evaluate the regulatory framework of non-U.S. jurisdictions for the purpose of identifying a list of recognized jurisdictions from which non-U.S. reinsurers may apply for licensure as POE Reinsurer
The proposal, if implemented, would potentially reduce the amount of collateral an unauthorized, unaccredited reinsurer must post in order for an admitted, ceding insurer to take financial statement credit. As set forth in the proposal, the home state or POE supervisor is charged with rating National and POE Reinsurers for the purpose of determining collateral requirements. The proposal contemplates a five tier system, which creates a sliding scale of collateral requirements, ranging from the highest tier, Tier 1 with zero percent collateral requirements, to the lowest tier, Tier 5, requiring 100% collateral requirements. With respect to National Reinsurers, as U.S. state law protects policyholders and insures stability of the U.S. Financial system, such reinsurers would not have to post collateral if they are rated in Tiers 1-3 by its home state supervisor.
The NAIC proposal contemplates that it would be implemented through Federal Regulation in order to promote uniformity across the 50 States and the District of Columbia.