Tanzania is an African country situated in the African Great Lakes region. Mount Kilimanjaro, which is Africa’s highest point is in eastern Tanzania. In the 19th century, European colonization began when Germany formed German East Africa, which was followed by British rule after WWI. The mainland of Tanzania was broken into Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago, each gaining independence in 1961 and 1963. The two joined in 1964 as a free nation, forming United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania is a sovereign state with a Presidential Constitutional Republic. In Tanzania, elections take place every five years through direct popular vote. Vice Presidents are elected concurrently with the Presidential candidate. The President appoints the Prime Minister and selects their respective cabinet members. All legislative power in Tanzania rests with the National Assembly which is unicameral, with a maximum of 357 appointed members.
Tanzania’s legal system is based on English common law. The country has a four level judiciary, with the Primary Courts being the lowest courts. Appeals on the mainland are heard by the District Courts or the Resident Magistrates Courts. In Zanzibar, appeals are heard by Kadhi's Appeal Courts for Islamic family matters and the Magistrates Courts for all other cases. The third highest level court, where appeals from the lower levels go, is the High Court of Mainland Tanzania or Zanzibar. The mainland courts in Tanzania are broken into commercial, labor, and land divisions. In Zanzibar, the high courts has an industrial division. Tanzania is also a party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
The National Law Review covers the latest news coverage from Tanzania and its relations to African nations. Oil and gas, international affairs, immigration news, and other news relating to international stories, are covered on the site. Visitors can find the latest content as it relates to Tanzania, its people, and the country’s international affairs.