Georgia was the fourth state admitted to statehood of the United States. The state was admitted on January 2, 1788. In terms of population, the state is the eighth largest in the US, with nearly 10.5 million residents in the state. The state’s Capital City is Atlanta, and it is nicknamed “The Peach State,” as it is highly cultivated in the state. Its largest cities are: Atlanta, Augusta, Columbus, Savannah, and Athens. The Airport in Atlanta, GA has been the busiest in the world since 2000, since it is a major-hub and connecting destination for flights from the US and internationally.
Today, Georgia is extremely diverse. With over 10 non-English languages spoken in the state, several inhabitants come from different regions of the world. Residents of English, Irish, and German-ancestry is highly found in the state as well. Today, the state’s economy namely revolves around the Black Sea tourism, the cultivation of citrus fruits, mining, metal, production of wine, chemicals, and textile industries. Since 2014 GA has also been part of the Free Trade EU region, and is a major trading partner with European nations.
The state government of Georgia is modeled after the federal government, with an executive, legislative and judicial branch.
- The executive branch consists of the governor, who can serve two terms. The lieutenant governor runs on a separate ticket, and can be from a different political party, and the lieutenant governor can serve multiple terms.
- The Legislative branch features a bicameral house known as the Georgia General Assembly, which includes The State Senate (56 members) and The House of Representatives (180 members).
- The Judicial branch features a court system with six separate courts. The courts are the Municipal Court (Ordinance violations, traffic citations), the Magistrate Court (Warrants, minor offenses), the Probate Court (Wills, estates and marriage licenses), Juvenile Court (Crimes and cases involving juveniles), the State Court (Civil cases and misdemeanors) and the Superior Court (Civil cases, divorce, felonies). There are two courts that hear appeals in the state: The Court of Appeals, and the Georgia Supreme Court.
Georgia has several popular colleges and law schools including University of Georgia School of Law, Emory College, and Georgia State University School of Law. The state is also home to the Georgia Aquarium which houses over 120,000 animals, the CNN Center, Forsyth Park, Centennial Olympic Park, and the World of Coca-Cola, among other historical points of interest.
The National Law Review covers several cases which have gone through Georgia’s court system. From the lifting of same-sex marriage ban, to bankruptcy proceedings, administrative agency appointments, or tax cases, the site offers readers various rulings which have come from the state. NLR visitors can also read about the latest state actions, legislation, federal ruling, or general information about Georgia.