China to Allow Foreigners to Take Chinese Patent Bar Exam
On August 12, 2020, China’s Ministry of Commerce(MofCom) released the “Overall Plan for Comprehensive Deepening of the Service Trade Pilot Program” (全面深化服务贸易创新发展试点总体方案). For the first time, foreigners will be allowed to take the Chinese patent bar exam and, if passed, receive a patent agent qualification certificate. With the certificate, foreigners can work at Chinese patent agencies as well as become partners/shareholders in Chinese patent agencies.
However, there are important caveats, the most important being that test takers must be Chinese permanent residents, which can be very hard to secure. Criteria include an investment in a business of at least $500,000 to $2 million USD (depending on location in China and industry); hold a high managerial position in China at specific institutions or companies for at least four consecutive years; make a great and outstanding contribution to China or being specially needed by China; or being a spouse or unmarried child of a person qualified based on the above. Other paths are based on familial relationships to Chinese. Only a few hundred of these “Chinese green cards” are issued annually.
Other caveats include that the test-taker must already be admitted as a patent agent in another jurisdiction and must reside in a pilot area: Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing (21 municipal districts including Fuling District), Hainan, Dalian, Xiamen, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Changchun, Harbin, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Hefei, Jinan, Wuhan, Guangzhou, 28 provinces and cities (regions) including Chengdu, Guiyang, Kunming, Xi’an, Urumqi, Suzhou, Weihai, Hebei Xiong’an New District, Guizhou Gui’an New District, and Shaanxi Xixian New District.
Other relevant measures in the plan include pilot programs for foreign patent agencies to establish permanent representative offices in China and conduct trials for domestic law firms to hire foreign lawyers as foreign legal consultants.
The specific measures and division of responsibilities to implement them is available here: 全面深化服务贸易创新发展试点任务、具体举措及责任分工.