October 24, 2021

Volume XI, Number 297

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October 22, 2021

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Federal Circuit Affirms a District Court’s Claim Construction, Dispositive of the Determination of Non-Infringement

CLOUD FARM ASSOCIATES LP v. VOLKSWAGEN GROUP OF AMERICA, INC., No. 2016-1448 (Fed. Cir. January 9, 2017) (non-precedential).  On appeal from D. Del.  Before Prost, Clevenger, and Reyna.

Procedural Posture: Plaintiff Cloud Farm filed a suit against Defendants alleging infringement of several patents directed to vehicular tilt control apparatuses. The parties stipulated that, if the district court’s claim constructions were not reversed or modified on appeal, some asserted claims are indefinite under 35 U.S.C. § 112, and Plaintiff could not prove infringement of any asserted claims. The district court adopted the stipulation and entered a final judgment of non-infringement and invalidity. Plaintiff appealed the district court’s construction of several claim terms. The CAFC affirmed the district court’s constructions and final judgment.

  • Claim Construction: The district court conducted two Markman hearings and construed multiple claim terms. In particular, the district court determined that the plain and ordinary meaning of both claim terms “seal” and “prevent” is “to stop.” The CAFC agreed, holding that the intrinsic evidence clearly supports such construction. With respect to a disputed means-plus function limitation “sensing means within said steering column,” the CAFC ruled that Plaintiff failed to propose an adequate structure during the Markman hearings at the district court. The CAFC found Plaintiff was therefore precluded from introducing new claim construction arguments on appeal or from altering the scope of the positions it took in the district court. Regarding the limitations “means for controlling” and “means for activating,” the CAFC agreed with the district court’s construction of the function and its finding that no corresponding structure exists. The CAFC explained that instead of identifying a disclosed algorithm, Plaintiff identified only an output of an algorithm. In other words, the CAFC stated, the patent offers the ends but not the means, which is not sufficient structure. The parties stipulated that, under these constructions of the district court – affirmed by the CAFC – several claims are invalid as indefinite and the accused devices do not infringe because they do not perform several stopping Because the CAFC agreed with the district court’s constructions, it affirmed the final judgment of non-infringement and invalidity.

Copyright © 2021, Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP. All Rights Reserved.National Law Review, Volume VII, Number 54
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About this Author

Aimee Soucie, Andrews Kurth Law Firm, Trade Litigation Attorney
Partner

Aimee has over 12 years of experience representing clients in patent and trade secret litigation at the U.S. International Trade Commission (“ITC”), district courts, and the Federal Circuit. She handles all phases of litigation, including discovery, motion practice, claim construction, trial, and appeal.

Aimee also spent two years as an Attorney-Advisor to the Administrative Law Judges at the ITC, where her responsibilities included providing guidance to the judges on substantive questions of law and procedural disputes, and drafting initial and...

202-662-2734
Dragan Plavsic, Andrews Kurth, fuel cell systems lawyer, hybrid vehicles attorney
Associate

Dragan represents firm clients in patent litigation matters and in the Patent Trial and Appeal Board proceedings. In addition, he prepares and prosecutes patent applications and provides IP counseling to clients. The range of services that he provides further includes validity opinions, freedom to operate opinions and due diligence. Dragan provides his clients with services in a wide variety of technologies, including automotive safety systems, telematics systems, and fuel cell systems, hybrid vehicles, oil and gas exploration and production, oil and gas processing and...

202-662-2733
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