January 20, 2018

January 19, 2018

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

January 18, 2018

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

January 17, 2018

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to Begin Compliance Checks of Non-Governmental Section 457(b) Plans

The Internal Revenue Service recently announced it was conducting “compliance checks” of Section 457(b) plans.  This newsletter discusses what those compliance checks involve as well as the steps Section 457(b) plan sponsors should take given this announcement.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently announced that it would begin conducting “compliance checks” of Section 457(b) plans maintained by non-governmental entities (e.g., health systems, educational institutions, museums, etc.).  Though the compliance checks are not full audits, plan sponsors can expect the IRS to request extensive information regarding written and operational plan compliance.


The Internal Revenue Code (IRC) permits governmental and tax-exempt entities to sponsor tax-advantaged retirement plans meeting the requirements of Section 457(b) of the IRC.  457(b) plans maintained by tax-exempt entities must be “Top-Hat” plans, limiting participation to a select group of highly compensated individuals and management employees.  Numerous nonprofits sponsor 457(b) plans as a means of providing additional nonqualified deferral opportunities for their highly compensated executives.

Summary of IRS Announcement

On June 3, 2013, the IRS announced that it would be conducting compliance checks of 200 457(b) plans by September 30, 2013, and another 200 plans between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2014.  Organizations that filed (1) Forms W-2 for 2011 showing contributions to a non-governmental 457(b) plan as well as (2) a Form 990 may receive letters requesting more detailed information regarding their 457(b) plan’s compliance.  The IRS has stated it will focus on the following:

  • Verifying that deferrals reported on Forms W-2 represent a 457(b) plan

  • Determining if the sponsor is eligible to maintain a 457(b) plan and, if eligible, whether the sponsor is

  • A governmental unit

  • A tax-exempt entity

  • A “dual status” entity that is both governmental and tax exempt


  • Verifying that plan participation is limited to a select group of highly compensated individuals and management employees

  • Determining whether the plan contains features not permitted in such a plan, including

  • Participant loans

  • Age 50 catch-up contributions

  • Contributions placed in a trust for the exclusive benefit of participants

  • Determining whether unforeseeable emergency distributions have been made

If the IRS then determines that the 457(b) plan isn’t established or operated in accordance with 457(b), it will inform the plan sponsor what actions are needed, which may include a full audit of the plan or correction under the IRS’s Voluntary Correction Program (VCP).  Because VCP explicitly states that 457(b) plans are not eligible for its correction procedures, the mechanics of making a VCP correction for a 457(b) plan are not yet clear. 

While responding to the compliance check is not required, the IRS noted that it “may need to take other measures to ensure compliance, including an audit of [the 457(b)] plan or organization.”  As a practical matter, such an audit is likely if a plan sponsor does not respond to the compliance check, as this was the course of action taken by the IRS during the 401(k) compliance check it conducted several years ago.

Next Steps

If your organization receives a compliance check letter from the IRS, respond to it timely and accurately after consulting an attorney, as any information you provide the IRS could be used to initiate an audit.  In addition, the introduction of “compliance checks” may indicate increased IRS scrutiny of 457(b) plans, so sponsors of these plans may want to take steps to proactively address any documentary or operational issues even if they do not receive a “compliance check” letter.

© 2018 McDermott Will & Emery


About this Author

Mary K. Samsa, Corporate Lawyer, Executive Compensation Attorney, McDermott Will Emery, Law firm

Mary K. Samsa is a partner in the law firm of McDermott Will & Emery LLP and is based in the Firm’s Chicago office.

Mary has more than 15 years of experience and has represented a wide range of organizations including, but not limited to, Fortune 100 public companies, privately held companies, multinational organizations and not-for-profit hospital systems as well as educational institutions.  Mary’s primary practice focuses on executive compensation (for both taxable and tax-exempt entities) where she regularly advises on nonqualified deferred compensation...

Todd A. Solomon, McDermott Will & Emery LLP,

Todd A. Solomon is a partner in the law firm of McDermott Will & Emery LLP and is based in the Firm’s Chicago office.  Todd focuses his practice primarily on designing, amending, and administering pension plans, profit sharing plans, 401(k) plans, employee stock ownership plans, 403(b) plans, and nonqualified deferred compensation arrangements.  He also counsels privately and publicly held corporations and tax-exempt entities regarding fiduciary issues under ERISA, employee benefits issues involved in corporate transactions, executive compensation matters, and the implementation of benefit programs for domestic partners of employees. 

Joseph K. Urwitz, Employee Benefits Lawyer, McDermott Will Emery Law Firm

Joseph K. Urwitz is an associate in the law firm of McDermott Will & Emery LLP and is based in the Firm’s Boston office.  He focuses his practice on employee benefits, executive compensation and ERISA matters.  Joe’s experience includes ERISA fiduciary issues, benefits issues faced by non-profit entities, executive compensation and deferred compensation arrangements, equity award plan design, employment and severance arrangements, qualified plan work and employee benefits matters arising in mergers and acquisitions.

Joe received his J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School...