January 27, 2021

Volume XI, Number 27

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January 27, 2021

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January 26, 2021

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January 25, 2021

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Liability and Ownership Succession of Aircraft

Aircraft ownership and travel can be an exciting hobby and business tool, but one that requires a substantial investment of time and resources. There are also risks involved, including legal responsibilities and liabilities. The protection of your investment and minimization of liability is something that you should discuss with your attorney.

Liability

The owners and operators of an aircraft are legally responsible for certain liabilities relating to the use of the aircraft. Ownership liabilities may be segregated into a limited liability entity such as a Corporation, Limited Partnership, or Limited Liability Company (LLC). If such an entity owns an aircraft, the owner of the entity is not generally personally liable for the entity's liabilities or obligations.

However, the operator of an aircraft and pilot in command are primarily responsible for safely operating the aircraft. Therefore, even if an aircraft is owned by a limited liability entity, the operator and pilot in command are still liable for the safe operation of the aircraft.

Individuals owning an aircraft, whether directly or through an entity, should be sure to have sufficient liability insurance. They should ensure that all appropriate owners and operators are properly designated as "additional named insureds" under the insurance policy.

When ownership of an aircraft is shared, it is advisable to own the aircraft in a limited liability entity so that each owner may be insulated from liability arising from the operation of the aircraft by other owners. LLCs are often chosen for tax reasons and for flexibility. Here too, the LLC should be sure to have sufficient liability insurance.

Transferring Ownership

Clients often use a trust to transfer ownership to others as part of a comprehensive estate plan. The owner's interest in an LLC owning an aircraft can be transferred to the owner's trust. This ownership arrangement avoids probate court proceedings and can insulate the client from ownership-related liabilities (though as noted above, the operator/pilot is still typically liable for any damage caused by the improper operation of the aircraft).

Transferring aircraft to LLCs or trusts requires specialized documents and compliance with certain specific FAA regulations. It's also important to complete a title search on an aircraft (and its engines) in connection with any purchase of an aircraft. Finally, a transfer of an aircraft may trigger state sales taxes, unless specific exemptions apply and are properly documented.

Varnum has attorneys with unique experience in the aircraft industry, as well as an outstanding team of estate planning and corporate attorneys, some of whom are aircraft owners and pilots themselves. Whether you are looking to minimize your liability, plan the transfer of your aircraft, or minimize taxes, our team of experts is here to help.

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© 2020 Varnum LLPNational Law Review, Volume X, Number 275
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About this Author

Ethan Beswick Business Attorney Varnum Law Firm
Associate

Ethan Beswick is an associate attorney with a business and corporate service practice and additional experience in tax, real estate and aircraft matters. He provides general business and transactional work and has experience in mergers and acquisitions, business transactions, financing, contracts, and day-to-day business issues.

Ethan also works regularly with business tax, international tax, and other tax related issues, and assists clients with real estate sales and acquisitions, commercial leasing matters, and real estate financing transactions.

 An instrument-rated...

616-336-6931
Rebecca Wrock Estate Planning Attorney Varnum Law
Associate

Rebecca is a member of the Estate Planning Practice Team. She advises clients on all aspects of estate planning and trusts, including probate avoidance, asset protection, special purpose trusts and elder law matters including Medicaid, veterans and special needs planning.

In addition to her law degree, Rebecca holds a Tax LL.M., which allows her to provide an additional level of knowledge critical to estate planning matters. She also has unique focus and experience in planning for companion animals (pet trusts) and has been recognized for her contribution to legal education in this...

248-567-7819
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