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Volume XI, Number 335


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Puerto Rico Issues Guidance for Nursing Rooms in Workplace

The Puerto Rico Women’s Advocate Office has published Guidelines for the Establishment of Nursing Rooms with the purpose of ensuring uniformity and setting forth all aspects employers should consider when establishing a nursing room in the workplace.

The Guidelines went into effect on February 11, 2021.

Right to Nurse

Under Puerto Rico’s Nursing Leave Law, nursing mothers who work at least 7.5 hours a day are entitled to 1 hour of paid leave each working day to nurse or pump breastmilk. This hour can be divided into 2 periods of 30 minutes or 3 periods of 20 minutes. Nursing mothers who work between 4 and 7.5 hours are entitled to a 30-minute paid period after 4 consecutive hours of work to nurse or pump milk.

Different rules may apply for companies that are considered small businesses under the Small Business Administration standards.

Nursing Room Requirements

Puerto Rico law requires that employers provide nursing mothers an adequate space to nurse that ensures privacy, safety, and hygiene and has electrical outlets and ventilation.

According to the Guidelines, a nursing room in the workplace must meet the following requirements to be compliant:

  • Security: The nursing room should have a lockable door and cannot have objects that may jeopardize the safety of the nursing mother or her breastmilk.

  • Privacy: The nursing rooms should be for the exclusive use of nursing mothers and be far from work areas. Nursing rooms should not have security cameras or be within their scope.

  • Hygiene: Nursing rooms should contain a sink to wash equipment and hands. Bathrooms should never be considered as an alternative to lactation rooms. Nursing rooms must be routinely cleaned and include documentation of the cleaning process.

  • Adequate Space: Nursing rooms should be furnished with a support table to place pumping equipment and a comfortable chair.

  • Electrical Outlets: Nursing rooms should have access to electricity outlets.

  • Ventilation: The nursing room should have adequate ventilation.

  • Milk Storage: The lactation room should have a refrigerator to store breastmilk.

  • Availability and Exclusivity: The lactation room should be accessible to the nursing mothers, exclusively for their use, and should always be kept locked.

  • Nursing Room Use Policy: Employers should have a policy governing the use of the nursing room, as well as keep a visitor log of the nursing room with entry and exit times.


The Women’s Advocate Office has the authority to inspect nursing rooms and issue fines for non-compliance. The Guidelines incorporate an inspection form for use by the inspector.


The Guidelines’ requirements go well beyond that in Puerto Rico’s Nursing Leave Law and legal challenge to the authority of the Women’s Advocate Office to enforce these regulations is likely given the burden placed on employers by the Guidelines.

Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2021National Law Review, Volume XI, Number 55

About this Author

Maralyssa Álvarez-Sánchez, Jackson lewis, labor employment attorney, reasonable accommodation lawyer
Of Counsel

Maralyssa Álvarez-Sánchez is an Of Counsel in the San Juan, Puerto Rico, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. She counsels employers on compliance with state and federal employment laws in executing personnel decisions and defends employers in all stages of litigation in discrimination, retaliation, sexual harassment, reasonable accommodation, unjust dismissal and leave-related claims in federal and state judicial and administrative forums.

Ms. Álvarez-Sánchez has successfully defended claims against employers before the Puerto...

Karla Carrillo-Russe Associate San Juan General Employment Litigation

Karla Carrillo-Russe is an Associate in the San Juan, Puerto Rico office of Jackson Lewis P.C. Her practice focuses in litigating employment matters before state courts as well as providing clients with preventive advice and counseling.

Ms. Carrillo-Russe advises and represents clients in a broad range of employment matters, including claims of discrimination, retaliation, wrongful termination, reasonable accommodation issues, retaliation, and wage and hour claims, among others.