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Vermont: Spotlight on Safe Harbor

Vermont AG issues memo clarifying scope of GM labeling safe harbor and enforcement discretion.

  • As the July 1 effective date for Vermont’s labeling requirement for genetically modified (GM) foods approaches, many companies have had questions about the scope of the law’s 6-month “safe harbor” for foods that do not bear compliant labeling.

  • On March 24, the Vermont Attorney General (AG) issued a memo clarifying the scope of the safe harbor and the state’s enforcement priorities. During the 6-month period between July 1 and December 31, 2016, the Vermont AG will not bring an enforcement action or seek fines for products that fail to bear GM labeling unless there is evidence that a manufacturer distributed a mislabeled product after the July 1 effective date.  Starting January 1, 2017, the AG’s position is that all products must bear required GM labeling regardless of their distribution date.  However, even after January 1, 2017, Vermont’s enforcement priority will be willful violations of the labeling law.  The AG does not expect to bring enforcement action based solely on a company’s failure to remove improperly labeled products that were distributed before July 1, 2016.

  • Simply stated, companies may not distribute improperly labeled products in Vermont after July 1, 2016.  However, improperly labeled products that were distributed before July 1, 2016 and that remain on the shelf after January 1, 2017, should be granted enforcement discretion. To strengthen the argument that enforcement discretion is warranted, companies should consider retaining clear documentation detailing when their products were distributed in Vermont.  This may be of particular significance where products have a long shelf life and are likely to remain on shelves after the 6-month safe harbor ends.

© 2019 Keller and Heckman LLP


About this Author

Keller and Heckman offers global food and drug services to its clients. Our comprehensive and extensive food and drug practice is one of the largest in the world. We promote, protect, and defend products made by the spectrum of industries regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the European Commission and Member States authorities in the European Union (EU) and similar authorities throughout the world. The products we help get to market include foods, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, veterinary products, dietary supplements, and cosmetics. In addition...