January 31, 2023

Volume XIII, Number 31


January 30, 2023

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Creation of the National Customs Agency of Mexico

On July 14, 2021, the Mexican Federal Register´s evening version contained the Executive Order creating the National Customs Agency of Mexico (ANAM for its Spanish acronym). This step will elevate customs authorities’ rank and faculties, with ANAM acting as a decentralized administrative agency of the Ministry of Finance.

As stated in the Executive Order, the current Tax Administration Service´s (SAT for its acronym in Spanish) powers related to customs services and inspection, application and compliance of laws, and regulations governing the importation and exportation of goods, will cease and become part of the newly created ANAM.

Moreover, ANAM shall be in charge of coordinating the activities with the armed forces and national security institutions to preserve the homeland security in the country´s ports, similar to the Customs and Border Protection of the United States.

The Executive Order holds that ANAM´s duties will commence the day that the amendments that grant power for tax and customs matters —currently in hands of the SAT— become effective.

To that effect, the President ordered the Ministry of Finance to submit to his consideration a draft of the National Customs Agency of Mexico´s Internal Regulation within 180 natural days (possibly by early 2022).

Although this could be one of the most relevant amendments in the last few years regarding customs´ control and operation, at the moment, we do not foresee that the creation of ANAM could alter the regular course of business.

© 2023 Foley & Lardner LLPNational Law Review, Volume XI, Number 200

About this Author

Marcos Carrasco Menchaca International Trade Attorney

Marcos Carrasco-Menchaca provides advisory and consulting services related to international trade compliance, customs, free trade agreements, customs litigation and taxation on foreign trade, as well as rendering services in international business transactions and administrative litigation.

Marcos has broad experience in advising the implementation of governmental exportation programs, such as the registration of companies in the Mexican Maquila Program (IMMEX), VAT certification, Sectorial Promotion Programs (PROSEC) and Drawback, among others.

A recognized international...

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Alejandro Nemo Gomez Strozzi, Foley Lardner Law Firm, Mexico, Corporate Law Attorney

Alejandro Gómez-Strozzi focuses his practice on providing advisory and consulting services related to international trade compliance, antidumping, customs, foreign trade and Mexican administrative law.

As a top international trade lawyer, he has advised major multinational companies in the automotive, steel and consumer products sectors. He provides advice regarding available foreign trade programs, tax implications of foreign trade operations, implementation of free trade agreements entered into by Mexico, customs procedures, trade compliance...

Javier Valenzuela Padilla International Trade Foley & Lardner Mexico City, Mexico

Javier Valenzuela is an associate at Foley Arena in Mexico City. Javier focuses his practice on international trade and customs. He has represented clients in complex litigation and advisory regarding to trade and customs matters, including, NAFTA and other trade agreements, rules of origin, customs valuation, tariff classification, non-tariff barriers, and other compliance matters.

Javier has experience assisting clients to obtain IMMEX (Maquila) authorizations and other preferential programs that allow them to apply reduced duty rates and other logistic benefits. Tax matters...