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The Energizer – Volume 93


On 30 June 2021, the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJPUC) approved two offshore wind projects with a planned capacity exceeding 2.6 GW, selecting Ørsted’s and Atlantic Shores’ respective offshore wind proposals. The companies’ projects must abide by environmental standards and incorporate fisheries protections, including expenditures of US$10,000 per MW to research and monitor impacts on wildlife and fisheries.

This is the single largest offshore wind procurement in the United States to-date. NJPUC’s approval is part of New Jersey’s initiative to reach 100 percent clean energy generation by 2050, including via 7.5 GW of offshore wind by 2035.


On 6 July 2021, Smartest Energy, an Australian-based subsidiary of the Marubeni Corporation, has agreed to purchase approximately 500 GWh of annually-generated solar power from more than 30 community-based solar farms throughout Australia. The Providence Asset Group will sell the power to Smartest Energy for a term of 30 months.

This power purchase agreement (PPA) is unique because each solar farm will incorporate dual technology of producing green hydrogen and utilizing lithium-ion batteries with metal hydride hydrogen storage container infrastructure. The PPA contemplates the green hydrogen will be exported to Japan inside the newly designed, yet standard appearing, shipping container.

If the metal hydride hydrogen storage containers prove successful, this technology could pave the way for more seamless global transport of green hydrogen.


On 26 June 2021, Oregon lawmakers passed House Bill 2021 (HB 2021), thereby setting one of the most ambitious decarbonization goals in the United States. HB 2021 requires electric utilities in Oregon to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to 80 percent below baseline levels by 2030; 90 percent below baseline levels by 2035; and 100 percent below baseline levels by 2040. HB 2021 also appropriates 50 million dollars from Oregon’s General Fund to create the new Community Renewable Investment Fund. The fund will provide grants for community renewable energy projects in order to make such small-scale renewable energy projects feasible.

HB 2021 also creates new reporting obligations for retail electric utilities. Electric utilities will now be required to develop a clean energy plan for meeting the clean energy targets set forth in the bill. Beginning in 2022, electric utilities must either file a clean energy plan with the utility’s integrated resource plan filing or the clean energy plan must filed no later than 180 days after the integrated resource plan is filed. The clean energy plan must incorporate the greenhouse gas reduction targets set by HB 2021; include a risk-based examination of resiliency opportunities; examine the costs and opportunities of offsetting energy generated from fossil fuels with community-based renewable energy; demonstrate the electric company is making continual progress within the planning period towards meeting the clean energy target; and result in an affordable, reliable and clean electric system.


The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) announced on 1 July 2021 that it will conduct an environmental review for a potential offshore wind project located in federal waters off of the coast of Virginia Beach.  Dominion Energy intends to develop, build, operate and own the proposed project, known as the Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind Commercial Project (CVOW-C). The project is slated to be located 23.5 miles offshore, and will consist of up to 205 turbines capable of generating up to 3,000 MW of electricity. The proposal includes three offshore substations, with one possible cable landfall location in Virginia Beach. The energy produced would help Virginia reach its legislated goal of securing 5.2 GW of offshore wind energy by 2034.

On 2 July 2021 BOEM published a Notice of Intent (NOI) to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) in the Federal Register. The publication of the NOI initiates the public scoping process, which is used to identify issues and potential alternatives for consideration in the EIS. Following the comment period, BOEM will publish a scoping report for consideration in the CVOW-C Draft EIS. Public comments are due by August 2, 2021.


On 24 June, at the direction of the White House, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a Withhold Release Order (WRO) that affects solar imports. The WRO specifically applies to all silica-based products made by Hoshine Silicon Industry Co., Ltd. (Hoshine) and its subsidiaries, as well as to materials and goods (such as polysilicon) derived from or produced using those silica-based products. The WRO is not specific to the China’s Xinjiang region and would apply to any manufacturer in any country that used an input from Hoshine and then tried to import that product into the United States. Located in the Xinjiang region, Hoshine is one of the world’s largest producers of metallurgical-grade silicon products.

Pursuant to a WRO, imported products produced by convict or child labor, may be subject to exclusion and/or seizure at the US border by CBP and/or trigger a criminal investigation of the importer. See 19 U.S.C. § 1307. If a shipment is detained, the importer will be notified and will have 90 days to act in one of two ways.  First, they can provide proof of admissibility showing that the cargo does not contain any inputs from Hoshine. Note that CBP is the sole arbiter of the adequacy of that proof. Second, the importer may re-export the products.

The Solar Energy Industries Association has produced industry guidance to help companies comply with U.S. import obligations and avoid products created with forced labor.

Maeve C. Tibbetts and Oretha A. Manu also contributed to this article.

Copyright 2023 K & L GatesNational Law Review, Volume XI, Number 190

About this Author

Buck B. Endemann, KL Gates, energy infrastructure lawyer, remediation projects attorney

Buck Endemann is a partner in the firm’s San Francisco office, where he is a member of the energy practice group. He provides comprehensive counseling on energy, infrastructure and remediation projects, including advice on air, water and waste compliance issues, and represents clients in related litigation. 

Mr. Endemann has extensive experience on the commercial, land use, and regulatory aspects of renewable energy and infrastructure projects throughout the Western United States, with an emphasis on California. He has a particular expertise...

Daniel Cohen, KL Gates Law Firm, Washington DC, Finance Law Attorney

Dan Nuñez Cohen is an associate in the firm's Washington, D.C. office. Dan advises and advocates for clients at the intersection of federal legislative and regulatory policy and compliance, focusing on financial services issues affecting depository institutions, trust companies, money services businesses including digital asset exchanges, wallet providers, and token issuers; and the cannabis industry. He has experience assisting with bank charters and money transmitter licenses; counseling clients on compliance with federal banking and trust laws; and advocating for...

Molly K. Barker Environment, Land and Natural Resources K&L Gates Seattle, WA

Molly Barker is an associate at the firm’s Seattle office. She is a member of the environment, land and natural resources practice group.

Professional Background

Prior to joining the firm, Ms. Barker served as an associate at an environmental and energy law firm where she focused her practice on environmental, real estate, energy, natural resources and land use law. She worked with public and private clients to conduct due diligence for permitting energy projects, obtain regulatory closure for contaminated sites, bring business operations into environmental regulatory...

 Natalie J. Reid Associate Seattle Environment, Land and Natural Resources

Natalie Reid is an associate at the firm’s Seattle office. She is a member of the environment, land and natural resources practice group.

Matt Clark Associate Seattle Environment, Land and Natural Resources

Matthew Clark is an associate in the Seattle office of K&L Gates in the environment, land and natural resources practice group. Mr. Clark’s practice focuses on litigation, regulatory compliance, and transactions involving energy and infrastructure, environmental permitting, natural resource development, and land use.