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Mexico’s COVID-19 Traffic Light Monitoring System: News for December 13–26, 2021

The COVID-19 Omicron variant has resulted in a slight increase in the rate of infection in Mexico, but the federal government has deemed all of the nation’s 32 states safe to remain open for business, although with cautions for a few of the states.

Under guidance provided under the federal pandemic traffic light monitoring systemAguascalientesBaja CaliforniaChihuahuaDurango, and Sonora are designated under yellow status, at which point residents are urged to take preventative measures to ensure that high-risk individuals are not infected. The federal government is also urging residents in the rest of the country to reduce the spread of COVID-19 by complying with preventative measures, especially during the busy holiday season.

The monitoring system, which is updated every other week, was implemented in June 2020, and is used to alert residents to the epidemiological risks of COVID-19 and provide guidance on restrictions on certain activities in each of the country’s states. Below is a map for the period of December 13, 2021, through December 26, 2021, indicating the COVID-19 risk level in each of the states and the capital.

Mexico December 12 to December 26 2021 Map

This chart presents the traffic light status of each state, and, as applicable, variations between federal and local traffic light statuses based on publications of the federal Ministry of Health and status reports provided by each state. Some states may impose restrictions that vary from the federally designated status restrictions, or may even designate regions or municipalities at different statuses. The Puebla state government, for example, designated five of its regions in yellow status, but the sixth, home to the state capital of Puebla, is in orange status, the second most restrictive status under both federal and government guidance. And in Sonora, the state government has designated most of its municipalities in yellow status, but Nogales, across the border from Nogales, Arizona, is in orange status.


As of December 20, 2021, 88 percent of Mexico’s adult population had been vaccinated against COVID-19 in Mexico, although the federal government has not clarified the percentage of people who have been fully vaccinated. However, some state governments, such as Aguascalientes, are providing a breakdown of the data, noting how many people have been partially or fully vaccinated, as well as hospitalization and mortality rates for those who are unvaccinated, partially vaccinated, and fully vaccinated.

ChiapasJaliscoMexico CityOaxaca, the State of MexicoSinaloa, and Yucatan are offering booster shots for residents, giving priority to vulnerable people. In Baja California, vaccinations are now being provided for residents 14 years of age.

Mexico City Still in Green Status

The nation’s capital entered green status in early November, and remains open for business without restrictions as the year draws to a close, according to the Mexico City Monitoring Committee’s latest update to the Epidemiological Traffic Light for Mexico City. The committee has not updated the guidelines for private corporate offices, so employers may want to continue to limit the percentage of employees working on-site to 80 percent, in accordance with Mexico City’s industry-specific health protection guidelines. The guidelines also require employers to conduct at their own expense and on a weekly basis, rapid antigen tests or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests for the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, to at least 20 percent of the personnel attending work on-site.

Finally, the Administrative Verification Institute and other Mexico City government authorities will continue to visit businesses to verify compliance with the general and specific workplace health protection measures. Employers found to be out of compliance with the measures may be subject to fines, the total or partial temporary suspension of the work center for up to 15 calendar days, and other applicable sanctions. (Authorities in other areas, such as Baja California Sur, have also announced that they are actively investigating business establishments to ensure compliance with health protocols.)

© 2023, Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak & Stewart, P.C., All Rights Reserved.National Law Review, Volume XI, Number 363

About this Author

Pietro Straulino-Rodriguez , Labor, Employment, Attorney, Ogletree Deakins Law Firm
Managing Partner

Pietro Straulino-Rodríguez is the managing partner of the Mexico City office of Ogletree Deakins. Before starting at Ogletree Deakins, Pietro worked for a number of years as a partner in private practice at a leading law firm in Mexico City in the firm’s Labor, Social Security and Immigration practice group. Previously he worked for a major labor boutique in Mexico City, in which he participated as an advisor and litigator in several matters. In addition, Pietro worked in the legal and government relations department of Ford Motor Company in Mexico. He has successfully combined his...

O. Iván Andrade Castelán Attorney Notary Services Ogletree Deakins Mexico City

O. Iván Andrade Castelan joined Ogletree Deakins in February 2018, in which he developed professionally as a law clerk for 3 years. Prior to joining Ogletree Deakins, he worked during 1 year at the 171st Public Notary in Mexico City. Ivan started his legal career in 2017 as Law Clerk in the 171st Public Notary in Mexico City, during such time he focused his practice in offering notarial services for all types of legal acts. Ivan is fluent in Spanish and English.