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Volume XIII, Number 38


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New Developments in International Standards on Environmental, Occupation Safety, Compliance and Anti-Bribery Management Systems

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is creating or revising international standards on a number of topics important to companies operating in the U.S. and abroad, including environmental, occupational safety, compliance and anti-bribery management systems. ISO has also just begun a review of the controversial ISO 26000 standard on social responsibility. 

These ISO standards are important for a number of reasons.  For example, they are becoming a condition of doing business in many markets. They also influence national and international policy. In the U.S., Federal agencies are obligated to take consensus standards into account pursuant to the National Technology Transfer Act, and national requirements based on ISO standards are presumptively valid under WTO/TBT rules in the event they are challenged as non-tariff trade barriers. ISO standards are also influential in regions that do not have an established national counterpart (legal or otherwise) to the subject matter of the standard.  

ISO 14001 – Environmental Management Systems

ISO is in the process of the first major revision ISO 14001, the EMS standard that is widely used by the private sector in the U.S. and around the world. The proposed changes to ISO 14001 will have a significant impact on facilities that wish to maintain their ISO 14001 certificates, which are verified through third-party auditing (approximately 25,000 in North America and 250,000 worldwide). These changes will also reverberate through the regulatory and enforcement space, since ISO 14001 is an accepted template for environmental compliance systems in the context of resolving enforcement actions.

The most recent revised draft is the result of negotiating sessions that were concluded in early October. It includes more specific and prescriptive requirements that depart from the existing, primarily flexible, standard.  Some salient features of the draft include increased emphasis on:

  • sustainable development, including specific mention of issues such as sustainable resource use, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and protection of biodiversity and ecosystems;

  • value chain management outside the boundaries of the organization;

  • integration of environmental issues into organizational strategy; and

  • more transparency on how environmental issues are managed, including additional detail on taking into account the views of interested parties and external communication on environmental issues.

If adopted, these (and other) changes would result in closer scrutiny of ISO 14001-certified facilities by third-party auditors, and less flexible requirements where ISO 14001-type EMSs are implemented in the context of resolving enforcement matters. 

Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems

ISO has launched an effort to create an OHSM standard. This has been a controversial topic, with an initial effort being rejected several years ago. This project is still in its early stages, but areas of potential dispute are already visible. For example, the International Labor Organization is going to be a very active participant, and is looking to use the ISO process to propagate the ILO’s international labor standards (including many that have never been adopted in the U.S.).

ISO Standards on Compliance Programs and Anti-Bribery Management Systems

The Compliance Program initiative was launched by Australia, moving into the same space currently addressed in the U.S. by the Sentencing Commission’s criteria for effective compliance and ethics program. The Anti-Bribery Management System effort is being led by the UK, based on an existing UK standard that is explicitly aimed at satisfying the defense under the UK Bribery Act of having “adequate procedures” in place to prevent bribery. These standards will affect companies with global compliance programs and that are encouraging their value chains to implement compliance programs. 

©2023 Greenberg Traurig, LLP. All rights reserved. National Law Review, Volume III, Number 296

About this Author

Christopher Bell, Greenberg Traurig Law Firm, Houston, Washington DC, Environmental Law Litigation Attorney

Chris Bell represents clients in civil and criminal enforcement and investigations, litigation, compliance counseling, emergency incident response, and legislative and regulatory advocacy (including appellate challenges to rulemakings) under all of the major environmental, health, safety and natural resource laws. His enforcement experience includes internal investigations, responding to grand jury investigations and agency information requests, and negotiating consent, probation, and debarment agreements. He is currently the EPA Independent Monitor overseeing the nation...