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New Florida Case Facilitates Public-Private Partnerships

The Florida First District Court of Appeal recently decided Crapo v. Provident Group-Continuum Properties, LLC, which sets forth a rule that should result in more favorable property-tax treatment for P3s in Florida. In general, an economic disadvantage facing privately-owned projects, as compared to publicly owned projects, is the imposition of real estate taxes, which are often around two percent of the property value per year. Although there are many exceptions, in general, privately owned and operated developments are subject to property tax, while government-owned and operated developments are not. P3s, which have elements of both public and private developments, often operate in a legally gray area.

In Provident Group, the court analyzed the applicability of a P3 structure where the private partner was tasked with developing and operating student dormitories for the University of Florida (UF), pursuant to the University’s standards. The P3 contract provided that the private partner would own the dorms until the end of the contract term, at which point the dorms would be transferred to UF at no cost. Even though the private developer owned the dorms during the period of the agreement, the appeals court ruled that UF was the equitable owner for purposes of property taxes, and the dorms therefore were immune from property taxes. Although P3s are often less costly to the public than a traditional public project even without favorable tax treatment, this ruling will, in many cases, make P3s an even more attractive alternative to state and local governments in Florida that are in need of new public infrastructure and services.

© 2020 Bilzin Sumberg Baena Price & Axelrod LLPNational Law Review, Volume VIII, Number 159


About this Author

Albert Dotson, Bilzin Sumberg Law Firm, Real Estate and Land Development Attorney

Nationally recognized for his work on public-private partnerships (P3), Al's experience includes rail and transit facilities, airports, marinas, sports stadiums, convention centers, healthcare/life sciences facilities, educational institutions, water and sewer facilities, and parking structures.

Al is recognized throughout Florida for his work representing local, national, and international clients in responding to government contract solicitations and defending against, or prosecuting quasi-judicial and judicial bid protests.


Eric Singer is an Associate in the Government Relations & Land Development Group. His practice focuses on government procurement contracts and the development approval process, including planning and zoning applications, government approvals and permits. Eric also represents clients in quasi-judicial matters and has handled land use cases in state and federal courts at the trial and appellate levels.