December 4, 2022

Volume XII, Number 338


December 02, 2022

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December 01, 2022

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New Illinois Law Allows Prejudgment Interest on Damages in Certain Lawsuits

An amendment to the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure provides that for all actions brought to recover damages for personal injury or wrongful death, prejudgment interest of six percent will begin to accrue on the date the action is filed. Prejudgment interest does not apply to punitive damages, sanctions, statutory attorney’s fees, and statutory costs.

On May 28, 2021, Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker signed Public Act 102-0006, amending section 735 ILCS 5/2-1303 of the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure. The amendment becomes effective on July 1, 2021.

The amendment applies to claims based on negligence, willful and wanton misconduct, intentional conduct, or strict liability. The amendment, however, does not define the term “personal injury,” so its impact on employment-related claims is uncertain.

If the judgment is greater than the amount of the highest written settlement offer made by the defendant in the last 12 months after the later of the effective date of the new law or the filing of the lawsuit and is not accepted by the plaintiff within 90 days after the offer or is otherwise rejected by the plaintiff, six percent interest will be added to the judgment in the amount equal to the difference between the amount of the judgment, minus punitive damages, sanctions, and statutory attorney’s fees and costs and the amount of the highest written settlement offer.

If the judgment is equal to or less than the highest written settlement offer, no prejudgment interest will be applied to the judgment.

For injuries that occur before the effective date of the new law, prejudgment interest will begin to accrue on the later of the effective date or the date the lawsuit is filed. In any event, no prejudgment interest will accrue for longer than five years.

Because interest begins to accrue when a lawsuit is filed, and because lawsuits often take several years to resolve, the new law may significantly increase a defendant’s financial exposure in actions involving personal injuries or wrongful death.

Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2022National Law Review, Volume XI, Number 152

About this Author

Patrick Rocks, Labor Attorney, Jackson Lewis Law Firm

Patrick Rocks is a Principal in the Chicago, Illinois, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. He served as the General Counsel to the Chicago Board of Education, the third largest school district in the country, from 2005 to 2012.

During his tenure at the Chicago Board of Education, Mr. Rocks counseled and represented the Board and its senior management in a wide range of matters. He also managed the Board’s Department of Law which includes 45 attorneys and the Board’s risk management, records retention, internal investigations and insurance programs.


Jessica E. Quarless Labor & Employment Attorney Jackson Lewis Chicago, IL

Jessica E. Quarless is an Associate in the Chicago, Illinois, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. Her practice focuses on representing and counseling employers in all workplace law matters.

Ms. Quarless graduated magna cum laude from California Western Law School. While attending law school, Ms. Quarless was the Executive Lead Articles Editor of the California Western International Law Journal. She also externed for the Honorable Mitchell D. Dembin of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California.