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New Tax Law Changes How Employers Claim Sexual Harassment Settlements

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Act") was signed into law on December 22 by President Trump. The Act contains a provision that will change how employers are taxed, when settlement is reached in sexual harassment and sexual abuse cases.

Section 162 of the Tax Code generally allows businesses to deduct certain ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the year as part of running the business. Previously, this section included tax deductions for confidential settlements and for attorney's fees incurred in defense of sexual harassment allegations. In response to the ongoing #MeToo sexual harassment awareness movement, Democratic Senator Bob Mendez of New Jersey proposed an amendment to Section 162 stating "[c]orporations should not be allowed to write-off workplace sexual misconduct as a normal cost of doing business." Subsequently, this amendment (now Section 13307 of the Act) changes Section 162 to now prohibit tax deductions for sexual harassment settlements.

Under Section 13307 of the Act, employers no longer receive a business deduction for "(1) any settlement or payment related to sexual harassment or sexual abuse if such settlement or payment is subject to a nondisclosure agreement, or (2) attorney's fees related to such a settlement." In other words, if an employer requires an employee to sign a nondisclosure agreement as a condition of a sexual harassment settlement, or the settlement agreement contains a confidentiality provision, then an employer cannot claim the settlement payment, nor corresponding attorney's fees as a business deduction.

This significant provision applies to amounts paid or incurred after December 22, 2017. Until there is further guidance from either the courts or Internal Revenue Service to interpret the statutory text of Section 13307, litigants will be left with the Statute's plain language. As a result, settlement negotiations between employers and employees may be more difficult. Employers now are left with a difficult choice: deduct the settlement as a business expense or keep sexual harassment/abuse allegations confidential.

© 2020 Varnum LLP

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About this Author

Seth Arthur, Varnum Law Firm, Grand Rapids, Labor and Employment Attorney
Associate

Seth is a member of the Labor and Employment Practice Team. He has experience with employment disputes, labor disputes and employment agreements. He has also worked on commercial litigation, environmental litigation and Proposition 65 compliance.

Seth formerly served as a judicial clerk for Kent County 17th Circuit Court, serving the Honorable Patricia Gardner and the Honorable Patrick Hillary. While in law school, he received several legal writing awards and was a member of the Trial Practice Institute.

616-336-6467
Luis E. Avila, Labor Employment Attorney, Varnum Law, Immigration Issues Lawyer, Grand Rapids
Partner

Luis focuses his practice on labor, employment and immigration issues. Luis has a wide range of experience in traditional labor matters, including grievances, arbitrations, collective bargaining negotiations, union drives, and matters in front of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and the Michigan Employment Relations Commission (MERC). Luis has counseled employers on a number of workplace matters, including effective employee handbooks and policies, disciplinary and dispute resolution procedures, discrimination, disability accommodation, wage-hour matters, family medical leave, and harassment and litigation prevention. Luis has experience representing employers under the various state and federal statutes that govern the employment relationship, including the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), and the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). Luis is fluent in Spanish and English. His immigration experience includes employment and family-based nonimmigrant and immigrant petitions, Form I-9 compliance, visa processing, waivers, DACA and citizenship matters.

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Joseph Vogan, labor and employment lawyer, Varnum
Partner

Joe Vogan has litigation experience in all areas of employment law, including wrongful discharge, the Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act, Title VII, Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), retiree insurance, Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), and the Whistleblower's Protection Act. 

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