January 31, 2023

Volume XIII, Number 31


January 30, 2023

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"Nine Commandments" for The NSW Planning System: Planning Minister Announces Further Planning Reforms

The NSW Government recently announced the next stage of NSW's ongoing planning reforms which consist of:

  • new ministerial planning principles intended to guide strategic decisions and planning policies; and 

  • further consolidation and review of the existing State Environmental Planning Policies (SEPPs). 

This article outlines the key reforms to the NSW planning system announced last week. 


On 2 December 2021, the NSW Government released The Minister's Planning Principles: A Plan for Sustainable Development. As the Hon. Rob Stokes MP (somewhat immodestly) stated "God gave Moses the 10 Commandments, and today I give the planning system Nine Commandments". The Minister's Planning Principles create a principles-based approach to planning which must be applied to guide strategic planning policies, including State, regional, district and local policies, guidelines, Local Environmental Plans and SEPPs. The Planning Principles are not required to be directly considered by consent authorities when they determine development applications.

The principles seek to achieve the following outcomes across nine policy focus areas:

  1. Planning systems: A strategic and inclusive planning system for the community and the environment

  2. Design and place: Delivering well-designed places that enhance quality of life, the environment and the economy

  3. Biodiversity and conservation: Preserving, conserving and managing NSW’s natural environment and heritage

  4. Resilience and hazards: Managing risks and building resilience in the face of hazards

  5. Transport and infrastructure: Providing well-designed and located transport and infrastructure integrated with land use

  6. Housing: Delivering a sufficient supply of safe, diverse and affordable housing

  7. Industry and employment: Growing a competitive and resilient economy that is adaptive, innovative and delivers jobs

  8. Resources and energy: Promoting the sustainable use of NSW’s resources and transitioning to renewable energy

  9. Primary production: Protecting and supporting agricultural lands and opportunities for primary production

The central theme of the Planning Principles is "sustainable development" having regard to:

  • social, environmental and economic objectives;

  • connecting with Country; and

  • addressing climate change. 

The Planning Principles will be given legal effect by way of a Ministerial direction under section 9.1 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) (EP&A Act). 


As part of the reforms, the Minister also announced that from 1 March 2022 the 54 existing State Environmental Planning Policies (SEPPs) will be consolidated into just 14 policies which align with the 9 focus areas in the new Planning Principles. This continues and expands the work commenced by the recently consolidated Housing SEPP which commenced on 26 November 2021.

No substantive policy changes have been made to the SEPPs as part of the consolidation. Rather, the provisions within the existing SEPPs have been transferred to the new SEPPs and the intent and provisions remain largely unchanged. Accordingly, the consolidation is aimed squarely at reducing the number of separate planning instruments to improve the usability of the current policies.

More information about the consolidation of SEPPs is available on the Department's website here


The changes outlined represent the next stage of NSW's ongoing planning reforms. 
It is likely that substantive reforms to the consolidated SEPPs and other planning instruments and policies will follow to give effect to the Minister's Planning Principles.

These further reforms are likely to include new or amended planning controls focusing on key issues such as:

  • achieving net zero emissions by 2050;

  • reducing greenhouse gas emissions "as far as practicable"; 

  • consultation and participation in design with Aboriginal people;

  • building resilience against natural hazards and risks;

  • increased measures to coordinate development with transport and infrastructure projects; and

  • targets for the supply of housing. 

We expect that the Department of Planning, Industry and Environment will implement a consultation process to enable all stakeholders, including industry and developers, to provide feedback before making any material amendments to the consolidated SEPPs to give effect to the new Minister's Planning Principles. 

In the meantime, the Minister's Planning Principles are unlikely to give rise to material new appeal risks for Councils who prepare local environmental plans or industry and developers who rely on these to support their development applications in light of the existing privative clause in section 9.1(5) of the EP&A Act which prevents local environmental plans and planning proposals from being legally challenged based on Ministerial directions. 

Copyright 2023 K & L GatesNational Law Review, Volume XI, Number 341

About this Author

Kirstie Richards Environmental Lawyer KL Gates Law Firm Sydney

Ms. Richards is an environmental and planning lawyer who focuses on large scale projects in the energy, renewables, oil and gas, mining and infrastructure sectors. She has more than 15 years' experience advising on planning, environmental and regulatory approvals, pollution and contamination, environmental legal risk management and allocation, crisis management (including regulatory investigations, enforcement and prosecutions) and land access (including compensation, mining and petroleum access and neighbour agreements) and environmental and planning litigation. 

Ms. Richards...

Larissa Hauser Renewable Energy Attorney K&L Gates Sydney
Senior Associate

Larissa Hauser acts for a variety of clients within the energy and utilities sectors including renewable energy developers, energy retailers, network service providers and large electricity generators. Some of her key areas of focus include acting on the development of wind farm projects and advising energy retailers on regulatory and contractual matters. Larissa also has experience advising other energy industry participants across a range of commercial, operational and compliance matters.

Larissa is a perceptive and insightful lawyer and a careful and detailed thinker. She...

Luke Salem Attorney Environment Lawyer KL Gates
Senior Associate

Luke is an environment and planning lawyer with experience advising on planning, pollution and contamination, environment incidents, and acquisition of land. 

Luke has an intimate understanding of environment regulation and planning approval processes. He previously worked as a senior in-house lawyer at the NSW Environment Protection Authority and has advised public and private sector clients on some of Australia's largest projects.