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Poland Adopts Ambitious Plan for Its National Transportation Hub

Plans for Poland’s Central Communication Port – the largest infrastructure project contemplated for Central and Eastern Europe – continue to progress. The Council of Ministers recently approved an ambitious plan that contemplates implementation of the main investments over the next 10 years to the year 2027.

What Is the Central Communication Port?

The Central Communication Port (CCP) (in Polish, Centralny Port Komunikacyjny or CPK) contains these key elements:

One of the largest airports in Europe will be built in Stanisławów, approximately 40 kilometers west of Warsaw on the road to Łódż. The “mega-airport” is to be a major hub airport capable of serving 45 million passengers annually in its initial phase, with potential expansion to 100 million passengers annually. The airport will also be a major cargo port operating 24 hours a day.

A new integrated high-speed rail network will be built, with its hub at CCP and spokes throughout Poland. The largest Polish cities will have connections of no more than 2-2.5 hours to CCP, with connections to Warsaw being only 15 minutes. For historical reasons, despite Poland’s large number of metropolitan areas its rail network remains among the most underdeveloped in Europe, and a large number of medium-sized towns are not served by rail.

Expansion of the motorway network to serve CCP. The CCP will be built close to the existing A2 motorway that links Warsaw to Berlin, but the motorway will be widened and expanded with a new interchange for the CCP. Over the past 15 years, Poland has invested heavily in its motorway network and the CCP may be built with a minimum investment in 65 kilometers of roads, although up to 248 kilometers would be optimal. This existing investment in motorways contrasts with the previous underinvestment in rail, which will now be a major focus.

Creation of a new city between Warsaw and Łódż. A port the size of CCP will require the construction of extensive residential, commercial and retail space to support it. The airport itself is expected to cover approximately 3,000 hectares. Also contemplated are business parks, an exhibition and congress center. The CCP will serve as a driver in the revitalization of Łódż and will lead to the agglomeration of Warsaw and Łódż.

What Is the Schedule?

The next two years are a preparatory period, with the goal of concluding a design-build contract for construction of the first phase of the airport. The goal is to commence airport operation in 2027. Adoption of special legislation will be required in relation to the investment process, particularly as to environmental and location procedures and the creation of a new municipality.

How Will It Be Achieved?

The CCP is spearheaded by government plenipotentiary Mikołaj Wild, a secretary of state in the Chancellery of the Prime Minister.

The main issue that needs to be resolved relates to financing of the CCP. The projected investment cost is PLN 30-35 billion (€7-8 billion), broken down into PLN 16-19 billion for the airport, PLN 8-9 billion for the rail component and PLN 1.75-6.87 billion for the road component. The financing plan will be developed in conjunction with the Polish Development Fund. In this respect, it is expected that significant EU funding may be available for the rail investment, as this plan conforms to EU objectives. In contrast, financing for the airport portion will be more complicated, due to state aid restrictions on new airport investments.

How Will It Work?

Hub airports are drivers of GDP growth. Poles fly much less than the EU average, and passenger flights are forecast to continue strong growth. The CCP is expected to be a competitive hub for flights to the Far East and North America. Once CCP commences operations, the existing Chopin airport in Warsaw’s city limits is expected to be shut down, creating a large area for new investment within Warsaw. After Poland regained independence in 1918, it undertook the construction of an entirely new port in the City of Gdynia, which was one of the outstanding achievements of Poland’s interwar years and has remained a critical element of the Polish economy. The CCP is similarly ambitious and, if successful, will become a key element in the integration of Poland and its infrastructure.

© Copyright 2019 Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP


About this Author

Peter Swiecicki, Warsaw, Squire Patton Boggs, Infrastructure Financing Lawyer, Privatization Matters Attorney

Peter Swiecicki is the Managing Partner of our Warsaw office and his practice includes some of the largest infrastructure financings and privatizations in Central and Eastern Europe. His experience includes financings of the largest and most complex toll motorway project in Poland, as well as the main gas pipeline and the tallest office building in Central Europe.

Peter has served as an advisor to the Government of Kuwait on PPP projects, and advised on the financing of the Żywiec Hospital PPP project.

He has...

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Igor G. Hanas International Investment Lawyer Squire Patton Boggs Warsaw
Senior Associate

Igor Hanas’ practice focuses on the energy and industrial construction sectors, and infrastructure projects, including the PPP model. Igor advises foreign and domestic investors, general contractors and service providers on all aspects of turnkey projects, starting from procurement and negotiations, through financing, performance, corporate and contractual issues and cross border technology import to handover of the investment.

Igor advises clients in regulatory matters including license (concession) issues in relation energy, chemical and natural resources sectors.

Additionally, Igor advises clients in the energy sector with respect to PPA and CPA, O&M agreements and other commercial contracts related to day-to-day operations.

He also represents clients before public administration authorities, common courts and the National Appeal Chamber in projects of the above-listed types.

Prior to joining the firm, Igor was an associate at the Warsaw office of an international law firm for a number of years and worked at a financial institution which is part of an international financial group.


  • Representing a global energy engineering construction firm in public procurement proceedings, negotiations with investors concerning the construction of a new power station of a capacity of 1,000 MW in Elektrownia Ostrołęka S.A. worth US$1.7 billion.

  • Representing a global energy engineering construction firm in public procurement proceedings, negotiations with investors, including representation before the National Appeal Chamber and district courts, concerning the construction of two new power stations of a capacity of 1,000 MW and 910 MW respectively, worth US$1.7 billion and US$1.3 billion, respectively and a combined cycle power plant in Warsaw Żerań (PGNiG Termika project) worth US$700 million.

  • Advising European and Asian EPC companies applying to the Polish Stage Grid for a public bid in Poland to design and construct high voltage electricity transmission lines and transformers, including the Poland - Lithuania energy bridge.

  • Advising international group of EPC contractors (Energy Service and Water Process Divisions) in turnkey retrofit/modernization/fuel conversion projects in Polish energy groups: PGE Energy Group, Tauron Energy Group, Energa Energy Group, ZE PAK Group, Dalkia and EDF. Legal assistance at all stages of proceedings: from public procurement and private proceedings stage, through performance of the project, cross border matters and technology transfer until the handover of the investments.

  • Negotiating commercial contracts for global chemical company subsidiaries operating in Poland with the oil & refinery industry and the copper mining industry.