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Puerto Rico Implements Mandatory Vaccination of Certain Employees, Reinstates Mask Requirements

Puerto Rico Governor Pedro R. Pierluisi has issued an Executive Order (EO-2021-058) making COVID-19 vaccination mandatory for all public employees in the Executive Branch. EO-2021-058, which goes into effect August 16, 2021, also recommends that all commercial establishments and private entities that are open to the public implement similar requirements.

In addition, the Secretary of Health of Puerto Rico has issued an administrative order reinstating masking requirements for fully vaccinated people in all indoor spaces and in outdoor spaces when social distancing of at least six feet is not possible.

Governor Pierluisi also issued EO-2021-062, which goes into effect August 16, 2021, to expand the scope of EO 2021-058 and establish a mandatory vaccination requirement for the following individuals:

  1. Independent contractors in the Executive Branch, and their employees, who physically work in a government agency.

  2. Employees in the health sector (i.e., hospitals, laboratories, emergency rooms, medical services clinics, health centers, medical offices, therapy centers, pharmacies, blood banks, elderly care centers, medical cannabis dispensaries, among others).

  3. Employees and guests of all hotels, hostels, guesthouses, and short-term rentals across the island.

As to vaccination requirements for contractors and employees of certain sectors or industries, EO 2021-062 provides the following:

  • By August 16, 2021, all Executive Branch contractors that physically work in a government agency and all employees in the health sector and employees of hotels, hostels, and guesthouses must submit evidence to their employers of having received at least the first dose of the vaccine, depending on the type of vaccine, and must be fully vaccinated by September 30.

  • All businesses and casinos operating in or near hotels and guesthouses are encouraged to implement the same vaccination requirements.

  • Executive Branch contractors and health sector employees and employees of all hotels, hostels, and guesthouses who are not vaccinated must present a weekly COVID-19 negative result taken within the last 72 hours or a positive COVID-19 result within the last three months and proof of recovery.

As to vaccination requirement for guests in the hospitality industry, EO 2021-062 provides that:

  • Beginning August 16, vaccinations will be required for guests staying at all hotels, hostels, guesthouses, and short-term rentals across the island. Those not vaccinated must present a COVID-19 negative result of a test taken within the last 72 hours or a COVID-19 positive result within the last three months and proof of recovery. If staying longer than a week, they must continue to present negative COVID-19 weekly results for the duration of the stay.

Exceptions to EO 2021-062’s mandatory vaccination requirements include:

  1. Individuals whose immune system is compromised or that have any medical contraindication that prevents inoculation, subject to the following:

    • A doctor authorized to practice in Puerto Rico must certify that the individual has a medical condition that prevents vaccination and state the duration of the medical contraindication and if it is permanent or temporary.

    • If the contraindication is temporary, the individual must comply with the vaccination requirement as soon as the contraindication ceases.

  2. Individuals with religious beliefs against vaccination, subject to:

    • Submitting a sworn statement under penalty of perjury where the individual and the minister or ecclesiastical leader of the religion declare that the individual’s religious beliefs prevent vaccine administration.

    • If the religion does not have a minister or ecclesiastical leader, the individual must submit a sworn statement explaining the sincerely held religious conviction.

EO 2021-062 also establishes consequences for individuals who fail to comply with the mandatory vaccination requirements and do not fall within one of the exceptions:

  • Executive Branch contractors and their employees will not be allowed to be physically in the government office. If physical presence in the office is necessary, the agency may terminate the contract.

  • Health sector employees and employees who work in hotels and guesthouses cannot return to the physical workplace. The employer may take any pertinent measures, including allowing the employee to use applicable paid and unpaid leaves.

  • Individuals will not be allowed to spend the night in hotels, hostels, guesthouses, or short-term vacation rentals.

Failure to comply with EO 2021-062 may result in fines of up to $5,000, six months in jail, or both, at the discretion of a court.

Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2023National Law Review, Volume XI, Number 221

About this Author

Juan Felipe Santos, Employment Attorney, Jackson Lewis Law Firm
Office Managing Principal and Office Litigation Manager

Juan Felipe Santos is the Office Managing Principal and Office Litigation Manager in the San Juan, Puerto Rico, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. He has successfully represented employers in litigation before federal and Puerto Rico courts, including jury trials. Before joining Jackson Lewis when it opened the Puerto Rico office in 2013, Mr. Santos worked for over 10 years in other major law firms in Puerto Rico, devoting his practice exclusively to labor and employment law.

Mr. Santos represents clients through all phases and types of federal and local labor and...

Maralyssa Álvarez-Sánchez, Jackson lewis, labor employment attorney, reasonable accommodation lawyer
Of Counsel

Maralyssa Álvarez-Sánchez is an Of Counsel in the San Juan, Puerto Rico, office of Jackson Lewis P.C. She counsels employers on compliance with state and federal employment laws in executing personnel decisions and defends employers in all stages of litigation in discrimination, retaliation, sexual harassment, reasonable accommodation, unjust dismissal and leave-related claims in federal and state judicial and administrative forums.

Ms. Álvarez-Sánchez has successfully defended claims against employers before the Puerto...

Karla Carrillo-Russe Associate San Juan General Employment Litigation

Karla Carrillo-Russe is an Associate in the San Juan, Puerto Rico office of Jackson Lewis P.C. Her practice focuses in litigating employment matters before state courts as well as providing clients with preventive advice and counseling.

Ms. Carrillo-Russe advises and represents clients in a broad range of employment matters, including claims of discrimination, retaliation, wrongful termination, reasonable accommodation issues, retaliation, and wage and hour claims, among others.