Travel Restrictions, New Facts on Coronavirus Should be Continually Monitored by Employers
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China continues to raise not only health concerns, but issues for employers and employees. Information about the virus continues to evolve.
Since January 28, 2020, the virus has continued to spread. As of February 3, the virus is now confirmed to be in more than two dozen countries. There are 11 confirmed cases in the U.S. and this number is expected to continue to grow.
After the World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency due to the 2019-nCoV, the Trump Administration announced that, as of 5:00 p.m. EST on February 2, 2020, all non-U.S. citizens who had visited China (not including Hong Kong and Macau) within the 14-day period preceding their entry or attempted entry into the U.S. would be temporarily banned from entering the country. The complete ban excludes Lawful Permanent Residents (Green Card holders) and close family members of U.S. Citizens and Green Card holders, among others.
U.S. citizens (and others not subject to the ban) will be subject to certain restrictions.
U.S. citizens who have visited Hubei Province (the epicenter of the virus) within the 14-day period preceding their entry will be quarantined upon entry and likely held for up to 14 days.
U.S. citizens who have visited other areas of mainland China within the 14 days preceding their entry will be subject to health screenings and, if symptoms are identified, they will be transferred for further medical evaluation. If symptoms are not identified, these individuals will be required to remain at home, monitor themselves, and report to health officials for some period of time.
Screening for 2019-nCoV is taking place at the following airports: JFK in New York; O’Hare International Airport in Illinois; San Francisco International Airport in California; Seattle-Tacoma International Airport in Washington; Daniel K. Inouye International Airport in Honolulu, Hawaii; Los Angeles International Airport in California; Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport; Washington Dulles International Airport in Virginia; Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey; Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport in Texas; and Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Michigan.
The Department of State (DOS) is urging individuals not to travel to China. The Agency has issued a Level 4 “Do Not Travel” advisory for all of China. This is the highest level of travel alert and previously was issued only for Hubei Province. In addition, DOS is allowing all non-emergency personnel at U.S. embassies and consulates in China to leave the country. The Agency has confirmed to the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) that consular services will continue “as resources allow,” but may be “significantly limited.” More recently, however, the U.S. Consulates and Embassies have announced they will be closed the week of February 3, 2020.
These travel restrictions, as well as those that other countries are instituting, are causing travel problems for companies with employees who have travelled to China or need to travel to China or other countries. For example:
Companies with non-U.S. citizen employees who have travelled to China may find that those employees cannot return to the U.S. — at least for now.
Options for going to other countries also are limited as many, including Philippines, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand, Iraq, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Uzbekistan, India, Macau, Israel, Mongolia, and Myanmar, have placed restrictions on individuals coming from China.
Chinese nationals living in the U.S. who need to travel abroad for work (to countries other than China), but who need to renew their visas during their travel will have to apply for those visas at U.S. Consulates outside of China and may face restrictions that some Consulates apply to “third-country” nationals.
Transmission, Severity of Symptoms
On January 30, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published new information about the virus, including on transmission and severity of the symptoms. Among other things, the CDC confirmed the first person-to-person transmission of the virus in the U.S. involving a person who had recently travelled to Wuhan, China and the person’s spouse. The CDC also confirmed that cases have been reported where the virus was spread from person to person even before the first infected person showed symptoms. The CDC advises, “While person-to-person spread among close contacts has been detected with this virus, at this time this virus is NOT currently spreading in the community in the United States.” CDC guidance updated on February 2 includes revised criteria for healthcare professionals to identify Patients Under Investigation (PUI).
Important for Employers to Stay Up-to-Date
Information and data about 2019-nCoV are constantly evolving. The latest information can help employers evaluate and re-evaluate their organization’s pandemic plan with the relevant experts.
The CDC’s page on the novel coronavirus provides extensive information and is updated frequently. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has released guidance on the novel coronavirus.
Employers should continue to monitor information from federal and state agencies, prepare appropriate employee communications, and take steps to minimize the risk of potential exposure to the virus within their workplaces. Given that this is a rapidly evolving situation, all information in this update is subject to change. For the latest information, please review the relevant agency communications.