May 28, 2022

Volume XII, Number 148

Advertisement
Advertisement

May 27, 2022

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

May 26, 2022

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

May 25, 2022

Subscribe to Latest Legal News and Analysis

California District Court Upholds SEC’s Novel “Shadow Trading” Theory

The SEC prevailed on a motion to dismiss a closely watched lawsuit alleging that a company employee had engaged in insider trading based on news about a not-yet-public corporate acquisition when he purchased securities of a third-party company that was not involved in the deal. The January 14, 2022 decision in SEC v. Panuwat (N.D. Cal.) marks the first time a court has considered the theory of “shadow trading,” which involves trading the securities of a public company that is not the direct subject of the material, nonpublic information (“MNPI”) at issue.

The Panuwat ruling does not appear to break new ground under the misappropriation theory of insider trading under the particular facts alleged. But the “shadow trading” theory warrants attention because it can have wide-ranging ramifications for traders, including hedge funds.

The “shadow trading” theory raises some complex materiality issues that do not arise in the more traditional factual context where the issuer whose securities are traded is itself the direct subject of the MNPI. Where, as here, the issuer whose securities were traded (Company B) is not the direct subject of the MNPI (Company A), factual questions arise about how similar the two companies are and how many other companies could be deemed comparable to Company A.

As we noted in our earlier report on this case, companies and traders, including private funds, should consider whether insider-trading policies and procedures, as well as any relevant nondisclosure agreements, cover securities of third-party companies. The language and breadth of those policies could be determinative – and could influence any trading restrictions or “walls” that companies implement.

© 2022 Proskauer Rose LLP. National Law Review, Volume XII, Number 20
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement

About this Author

Robert G Leonard, Proskauer Rose Law Firm, Private Investment Attorney
Partner

Robert G. Leonard is a Partner in the Hedge Funds Group. For more than 25 years Rob has been structuring, organizing and representing hedge funds, funds of funds and other private investment funds (both domestic and offshore) and investment advisers.

212-969-3355
Michael F Mavrides, Proskauer Rose Law Firm, Private Investment Attorney
Partner

Michael F. Mavrides is a Partner in the Hedge Funds Group. Mike focuses his practice on representing domestic and offshore hedge funds, funds of funds and other private investment funds, including private equity and real estate investment funds. He regularly advises funds and their managers on a wide variety of issues, including formation and structuring, seed capital, anchor capital and other strategic arrangements, placement agency, solicitation and other marketing arrangements, succession planning, separately managed accounts, and all types of portfolio management, trading and...

212-969-3670
Joshua Newville, Proskauer Rose, regulatory enforcement attorney, industry compliance legal counsel, securities exchange commission lawyer
Partner

Joshua M. Newville is a partner in the Litigation Department in New York. His practice focuses on commercial litigation and regulatory investigations. Mr. Newville advises companies and individuals in securities litigation and compliance matters. He also focuses on internal investigations and enforcement matters. Prior to joining Proskauer, Josh was senior counsel in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s Division of Enforcement, where he investigated and prosecuted violations of the federal securities laws. Josh served in the Enforcement Division’s Asset...

212-969-3336
Jonathan E Richman, Proskauer Rose law firm, litigation attorney
Partner

Jonathan Richman is a Partner in the Litigation Department and a co-head of the Securities Litigation Group. Jonathan has broad experience in a range of civil litigation matters, including securities litigation and investigations, shareholder derivative litigation, insurance sales-practices suits, antitrust litigation, bankruptcy proceedings, product-liability litigation, and employment and ERISA suits.

212-969-3448
Christopher M Wells, Proskauer Rose Law Firm, Private Investment Attorney
Partner

Christopher M. Wells is a Partner and head of the Hedge Funds Group. Chris advises hedge funds, funds of funds and other pooled investment vehicles and their managers on all aspects of fund formation, operations and compliance.

212-969-3600
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement