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Coronavirus Impact on Economic Development Credit and Incentive Agreements

With the economic disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic certain to continue through the end of 2020, now is the time to consider the impact of the virus on year-end reporting obligations, particularly those that relate to existing economic development credit and incentive agreements. Most credit and incentive agreements contain company obligations for employment levels, taxable revenue, and/or capital investment that may have been impacted by a variety of pandemic-related factors including: stay at home orders, limited re-opening restrictions, reduced demand, and supply chain disruptions. Before your company finds itself facing potential noncompliance, consider the below questions.

Does your Company have credit and incentives agreements for state and local discretionary tax credits, grants, forgivable loans, abatements, or other awards?

These agreements often have reporting and compliance deadlines which are managed at the local level. With restricted operations, work-from-home, and telecommuting, those responsible for collecting and reporting the necessary information may be engaged by higher priority assignments to ensure the safety of employees and customers.

Can your Company meet the established obligations?

Full and partial shutdowns, reductions in force, decreased product demand, supply chain challenges, and logistic workarounds have increased the difficulties in forecasting employment levels and capex expenditures. If your company is preparing workforce and revenue forecasts for use in other areas of the company’s operations, those forecasts should be compared against future obligations under existing credit and incentive agreements.

Does the agreement have a force majeure, market conditions, recession, or termination provision?

Such provisions can provide opportunities to renegotiate obligations to the satisfaction of both parties without public exposure or the threat of litigation.

Have you communicated a consistent message to all the stakeholders, including the governmental entity?

Especially with larger awards, governmental entities routinely review company media releases, analyst reporting, and other publicly available information about companies. If there are concerns, have they been the subject of a media release, analyst call, or other public release? If so, have they been effectively communicated to the governmental entity?

Would your company benefit from renegotiating or terminating the agreement?

Coupled with the uncertainly that will continue into 2021, opportunities may exist to obtain benefits that will extend beyond 2020. As the economic impact of the pandemic drags on, governmental entities will likely be approached by more and more companies seeking to revise or terminate economic development credit and incentive agreements. Thus, early engagement with a governmental entity might result in a more receptive audience and a potentially better outcome.

In summary, it is important for recipients of economic development credit and incentive awards to review their current obligations under such agreements and consider the options that are available to proactively address, and mitigate the risk associated with, noncompliance and potential defaults.

© 2020 Foley & Lardner LLPNational Law Review, Volume X, Number 188


About this Author

Lynn A. Gandhi Business Attorney Foley & Lardner Detroit, MI

Lynn A. Gandhi is a partner and business lawyer with Foley & Lardner LLP. Lynn is based in the firm’s Detroit office where she is a member of the Tax, Benefits, & Estate Planning Practice. 

Lynn has acquired more than three decades of experience as a tax attorney, including 14 years as corporate in-house counsel. She advises her clients on sophisticated multistate tax planning, audits, appeals and litigation and represents them in legislative and policy initiatives across multiple industry platforms. In addition, Lynn provides transactional support on the multistate tax...

David G. Cabrales Litigation Attorney Foley & Lardner Dallas, TX
Of Counsel

David Cabrales is a renowned litigation lawyer with broad experience representing clients in environmental, state government, and commercial litigation matters. He frequently represents financial institutions, securities broker-dealers, retailers, and life and health insurance companies in traditional and complex litigation, as well as in arbitration proceedings. David routinely appears before the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, the State Office of Administrative Hearing, FINRA, and AAA. David also counsels clients in matters before state government, and he provides representation to businesses in litigation matters initiated by state attorneys general. 

David previously served as general counsel to Texas Gov. Rick Perry from 2007 to 2009 and, along with his legal team, provided advice to the governor and the governor’s staff on a variety of topics at the intersection of law and public policy. He also served as principal economic development advisor for the governor and helped administer the Texas Enterprise Fund, the Emerging Technology Fund, Texas One and other programs in the governor's economic development portfolio. In addition, Gov. Perry appointed David to the Texas Economic Development Corporation in 2010 and in 2014, and David served as chairman from 2010 to 2012.

David is also a member of the bipartisan Federal Judicial Evaluation Committee (FJEC), which is composed of leading Texas attorneys who screen and recommend to U.S. Senators John Cornyn and Ted Cruz nominees for vacancies on the federal bench and in U.S. attorney offices in Texas.

A graduate of Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law, David began his legal career as a briefing attorney to Texas Supreme Court Justice Raul Gonzalez.


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