Credit Card Companies Are Not Liable for Contributory Copyright Infringement
A defendant is liable for contributory copyright infringement if it knows of a third party's infringing activity and "induces, causes, or materially contributes to” the infringing conduct. For example, the designer and distributor of an electronic file sharing system was found liable by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit as a contributory infringer because users of that system utilized it to exchange massive quantities of copyrighted music. A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc. The Supreme Court similarly imposed contributory liability arising from the distribution of similar software that allowed for the exchange of copyrighted music on a peer to peer, rather than a centralized, basis. MetroGoldwinMayerStudios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd.
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