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Interest Rate Mis-selling – Temporary Relief For Banks

The interest rate mis-selling scandal took another twist recently when a landmark legal case was dismissed by the UK High Court. Had the case been successful it would have challenged the banks’ £2.1bn compensation scheme set-up to settle inappropriate interest rate swaps – however the decision only brings temporary relief for the banks.


A judicial review of Barclays’ compensation scheme was brought by Holmcroft (an Isle of Man registered property company) after they were sold an interest rate hedging product by Barclays to shield itself against rising rates, only to suffer disastrous losses when rates subsequently fell.

Holmcroft received £500,000 redress by way of compensation for overpayments it had made as a result of the missold product.  However, Holmcroft were refused compensation for the loss they suffered arising from losing several properties allegedly as a consequence of the missold product.

Holmcroft raised concerns that the “independent reviewer” of the claim, KMPG, appeared to have little or no involvement or engagement with Holmcroft and did not appear to have properly fulfilled the role required by the FCA in the review process, resulting in a failure to ensure the redress scheme was fair, under FCA-governed terms.

Judicial Review Application

While judicial reviews are rare and can only consider decisions made by public authorities, Holmcroft’s judicial review application asked the Court to find that KPMG was engaged to carry out a public function and that it had failed to comply with the required standard expected of a public body in fulfilling such a function during its review of Barclays’ response to Holmcroft’s consequential loss claim.

At the hearing the Court heard all the evidence to decide whether KPMG was engaged in a public function and, if so, whether it met the required standards (and what those standards should be).

Court Decision

The High Court ruled that KPMG’s approach to reviewing compensation awards was not irrational, was not outside of its powers and was not unfair. The Court ruled that KPMG had ‘conducted the redress scheme in a conspicuously scrupulous way’.

The judges found that while KPMG was hired to oversee Barclays’ redress scheme at the request of its regulator, it was not carrying out a public role and so could not be the subject of a judicial review.


Around 18,000 businesses were sold interest rate hedging products, with banks  paying out £2.1bn in redress, including £464m to cover consequential losses beyond the money lost within the swap contract.

Had the High Court not dismissed Holmcroft’s application, KPMG and Barclays may have been ordered to revisit Holmcroft’s compensation offer, opening the floodgates for other unhappy customers to bring similar cases against Barclays and other banks.

A sigh of relief for the banks no doubt……but only temporarily as indications are that an appeal is already being prepared.

© Copyright 2020 Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP


About this Author

Paul Muscutt, legal specialist, insolvency lawyer, Squire Patton law firm

Paul Muscutt is a specialist in all aspects of contentious and non-contentious insolvency, with a focus in the banking and asset based lending sectors. Paul joined the Squire Patton Boggs Restructuring & Insolvency Practice Group in London in 2001 and has acted primarily for financial institutions, insolvency practitioners and corporate clients.

+44 20 7655 1476
Andrew Johnson, Bankruptcy Attorney, Squire Patton Boggs Law Firm

Andrew is a lawyer in the Restructuring & Insolvency practice based in the London office.  His practice focuses primarily on acting for financiers, officeholders and individuals in all aspects of insolvency, business sales and acquisitions, restructurings, asset recovery and advising secure lenders on their security. Andrew has undertaken secondments at LiveNation and Squire Patton Boggs' Hong Kong office, and is currently on secondment for a year in the Business Support Unit at Lloyds Banking Group.

+44 20 7655 1194