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January 30, 2023

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U.S. Department of Justice Announces First Charges Brought Under the Accelerated and Advance Payment Program

On April 8, 2021, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced the first charges brought in connection with alleged fraud on the Accelerated and Advance Payment Program, administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (“CMS”).[1]  According to the indictment, Francis Joseph, M.D., a Colorado physician, has been charged with misappropriating nearly $300,000 from three different COVID-19 relief programs: the Accelerated and Advance Payment Program, the Provider Relief Fund, and the Paycheck Protection Program.[2]

Accelerated and Advance Payment Program

The Accelerated and Advance Payment Program is intended to provide emergency funds by way of expedited payments to health care providers and suppliers when there is a disruption in claims submission or claims processing.  While CMS has historically utilized this program to provide targeted relief in response to national emergencies or natural disasters affecting certain portions of the country, the program was expanded in March 2020 to apply to a broader group of Medicare Part A providers and Part B suppliers nationwide due to the financial impact of COVID-19.[3]

According to the indictment, Dr. Joseph allegedly submitted an Advance Payment Request Form for a medical practice of which he had relinquished control, and then transferred approximately $92,000 from the medical practice’s operating account to a personal bank account (approximately $87,000 of that amount was paid by the Medicare Administrative Contractor as an advance payment the previous day).

Provider Relief Fund

The Provider Relief Fund is a $178 billion measure appropriated under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act that offers aid to providers who were financially impacted by COVID-19 and treatment and other assistance to individuals suffering from COVID-19.

The indictment marks the second time that DOJ has brought charges related to misuse of Provider Relief Fund distributions (DOJ announced the first charges in February 2021 against a home health provider).  According to the indictment, Dr. Joseph’s former medical practice met the criteria for a Provider Relief Fund distribution of $31,782, but Dr. Joseph allegedly transferred those funds from the medical practice’s operating account to a personal bank account.

Paycheck Protection Program

The Paycheck Protection Program is a COVID-19 relief program that allows qualifying small businesses and other organizations to receive loans with a maturity of two years and an interest rate of one percent.  Paycheck Protection Program loan proceeds must be used by businesses on payroll costs, interest on mortgages, rent, and utilities.  The relief program allows the interest and principal on the loan to be forgiven if the business spends the loan proceeds on permissible expense items within a designated period of time after receiving the proceeds, and uses at least a certain percentage of the loan proceeds on payroll expenses.

The indictment alleges that Dr. Joseph submitted a falsified Paycheck Protection Program application that sought a loan for approximately $179,999 and made a number of misrepresentations, including that he was the owner of the medical practice (he had been terminated two months prior to submitting the application), that he “supervised 34 employees with an average monthly payroll of approximately $72,000,” that the practice had not received another Paycheck Protection Program loan (it had), and that “the funds will be used to retain workers and maintain payroll or make mortgage interest payments, lease payments, and utility payments” as required by the Paycheck Protection Program.[4]  After the loan was approved and funded, Dr. Joseph allegedly used the loan proceeds, which were deposited into an unofficial business bank account that Dr. Joseph opened in the name of the medical practice shortly before his termination, for personal travel and home improvements.

Dr. Joseph is also charged with making false statements in a bankruptcy petition filed on behalf of the medical practice where he allegedly failed to disclose all bank accounts and assets.

Expect Heightened Enforcement Ahead

As described in DOJ’s March 26, 2021, summary report on COVID-19-related enforcement activity (covered here), federal prosecutors have led a historic enforcement initiative to detect and disrupt COVID-19-related fraud schemes.  With DOJ continuing to intensify its fraud enforcement efforts in connection with COVID-19 relief programs, individuals and businesses that have received relief funds should expect enhanced scrutiny from government agencies for the foreseeable future and be prepared to demonstrate that relief funds were obtained and disbursed in accordance with the terms and conditions of the relevant relief program.

*          *          *

[1] Colorado Physician Charged for Misappropriating Thousands from Three Different COVID Relief Programs, Department of Justice Press Release, Apr. 8, 2021, https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/colorado-physician-charged-misappropriating-thousands-three-different-covid-relief-programs.

[2] United States v. Joseph, Indictment, 21-cr-00083 (D. Colo. Mar. 17, 2021), https://www.justice.gov/opa/press-release/file/1385346/download.

[3] CMS Announces New Repayment Terms for Medicare Loans made to Providers during COVID-19, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Press Release, Oct. 8, 2020, https://www.cms.gov/newsroom/press-releases/cms-announces-new-repayment-terms-medicare-loans-made-providers-during-covid-19.

[4] See supra note 2, at *15.

©2023 Epstein Becker & Green, P.C. All rights reserved.National Law Review, Volume XI, Number 133

About this Author

George Breen, Health Care Attorney, Epstein Becker Law Firm

GEORGE B. BREEN is a Member of the Firm in the Health Care and Life Sciences and Litigation practices. He is Chair of the firm's National Health Care and Life Sciences Practice Steering Committee and a member of the firm's Board of Directors.

Mr. Breen:

  • Defends clients undergoing investigation for health care fraud by the Department of Justice, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General, and other state and federal governmental authorities
  • ...
Erica McKinney, Epstein Becker, labor and employment lawyer

ERICA R. McKINNEY is an Associate in the Employment, Labor & Workforce Management practice, in the Chicago office of Epstein Becker Green.

Ms. McKinney:

  • Represents clients in labor and employment law litigation matters involving harassment, discrimination, retaliation, breach of employment contracts, and tort claims
  • Counsels clients on all aspects of compliance with federal, state, and local laws affecting labor and employment relations
  • Drafts employment agreements, severance agreements, settlement agreements, confidentiality...
Daniel C. Fundakowski Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Attorney Epstein, Becker & Green Law Firm
Member of the Firm

Daniel C. Fundakowski s a Senior Counsel in the Health Care & Life Sciences and Litigation & Business Disputes practices in the Washington, DC, office of Epstein Becker Green. His practice focuses on representing leading pharmaceutical and device manufacturers, retail pharmacy chains, compounding pharmacies, academic medical centers, skilled nursing facilities, and other institutional providers in health care regulatory and litigation matters.


Mr. Fundakowski’s services include:

Elizabeth A. Harris Health Care Attorney Epstein Becker & Green Washington, DC

Elizabeth A. Harris is an Associate in the Health Care and Life Sciences practice, in the Washington, DC, office of Epstein Becker Green. She focuses her practice on health care government investigations and litigation matters.

Specifically, Ms. Harris:

  • Provides assistance to health care clients undergoing inquiries, audits, or investigations by the U.S. Department of Justice, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Inspector General, and other state and federal government authorities
  • Represents clients in litigation arising...