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What Is The PRO Act And Should Your Company Be Concerned?

The Protecting the Right to Organize Act (PRO Act) was originally passed by the House of Representatives in February 2020. With the Joe Biden administration now in office and power in both houses of Congress shifting towards the Democrats, the act has gained attention again. Indeed, Biden himself previously voiced support for the PRO Act

If enacted, the PRO Act would arguably be the most significant piece of labor legislation since the National Labor Relations Act was passed in 1935. It would dramatically alter federal labor law by repealing much of the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 amendments and codifying many pro-union provisions that would disadvantage companies. 

Here are some significant provisions of the PRO Act:

  • Legislatively codify the Obama Board decisions in Browning-Ferris Industries (which relaxed the joint-employer rule), Specialty Healthcare (which made it easier for unions to establish bargaining units and “micro units”), and Purple Communications (which allows the use of workplace email for organizing purposes)

  • Reverse the Supreme Court’s decision in Epic Systems v. Lewis – this decision held that agreements mandating individual arbitration are enforceable

  • Prohibit mandatory arbitration agreements in employment contracts

  • Require interest arbitration if the union and employer cannot agree on a collective bargaining agreement. 

  • Codify California’s “ABC test” – imposes stricter requirements for employers to classify a worker as an independent contractor versus an employee

  • Codify “ambush election rules” – shortens the amount of time between filing for a petition for election and the actual election

  • Codify the 2016 “persuader regulation” – requires labor attorneys and firms to disclose significant facts about their relationships with employers

  • Ban Right-to-Work laws – these laws prohibit employers and unions from requiring joining a union or paying fees as a condition of employment

  • Institute a “stealth” card check – allows unions to challenge election results and get certified automatically in certain circumstances

  • Provide a private cause of action for unfair labor practices outside of the National Labor Relations Board’s jurisdiction

  • Introduce new civil penalties for labor law violations, including personal liability

  • Codify the NLRB’s “notice posting” requirement – requires employers to post a notice informing employees of their rights under the NLRA

  • Authorize secondary boycotts – allows unions to target any company through picketing and protests, even those unrelated to a labor dispute 

  • Ban employers from permanently replacing strikers

The legislation would be a significant re-write of labor law, but whether it will pass Congress still remains a question. Democrats have control of both houses, but in 2009, a Democrat-controlled Congress fell short in a similar attempt at a labor law reform by failing to pass the Employee Free Choice Act. Regardless, changes at the NLRB seem to already be underway, as President Biden recently fired the NLRB’s general counsel Peter Robb and appointed Democrat Lauren McFerran to the Board to serve as chair. Employers can expect more pro-union changes under the Biden administration on the horizon. 

So, should you be concerned about the PRO Act? Yes. Whether you are a unionized or non-union organization, there are many provisions within the act that would decrease your management flexibility on a number of fronts. This will be a critical issue to monitor in the coming months and years. Stay tuned to the blog for future updates.

© 2022 BARNES & THORNBURG LLPNational Law Review, Volume XI, Number 35

About this Author


A detailed-oriented and strategic thinker, Colleen Naumovich is committed to helping her clients navigate the ever-changing field of labor and employment law, understand how the laws affect every facet of their business, and implement best practices.

Colleen brings focus and dedication to assisting her employer clients with various workplace and employee needs they have. She conducts legal research and drafts memoranda, motions, and positions statements to the National Labor Relations Board. She also helps clients prepare for trial by reviewing depositions and providing summaries of...

David J. Pryzbylski, Barnes Thornburg Law Firm, Indianapolis, Labor Law Attorney

David concentrates a large portion of his practice on assisting employers with traditional labor matters. His deep experience includes collective bargaining, work stoppages, arbitrations, union avoidance training and strategies, union representation elections, unfair labor practice charges, contract administration, and various other labor relations issues.

David has helped companies secure favorable outcomes with labor issues around the country. He has experience with numerous labor unions, including the Steelworkers, Teamsters, Laborers, Sheet...