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Volume XII, Number 142

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Duma Votes to Accelerate Implementation Date of Russian Data Localization Bill By A Year

In July this year, Russia enacted Law 242-FZ (the “Localization Law”).  The Localization Law amends the Russian Federal Law on Information, Information Technology and Information Protection, and would introduce a new requirement for certain businesses (including in particular those processing data concerning Russian citizens and also maintaining offices in Russia) to ensure that personal data relating to Russian citizens be physically stored and processed in Russian territory, subject to certain exceptions.  The exact scope of this requirement and its exceptions — including whether covered data relating to Russian citizens can be “mirrored” in data centers outside Russia or not — remain somewhat unclear at this time.

The Law was scheduled originally to come into effect on 1 September 2016, but on December 17, the Russian State Duma voted to enact a bill to move the implementation date of the Localization Law forwards to 1 September 2015.  This move follows an effort earlier this fall to bring the Localization Law’s implementation date forwards to 1 January 2015, which was ultimately set aside.

The “bring forward” bill will now be reviewed by the Council of the Russian Federation (the upper chamber of the Russian legislative assembly) and Russian President before it is formally enacted.

UPDATED:  This post was first published on December 19, 2014; it is now being updated to reflect President Putin’s signature of the bill discussed below on 31 December, 2014.

© 2022 Covington & Burling LLPNational Law Review, Volume IV, Number 353
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About this Author

Ezra Steinhardt, Covington, data and cybersecurity lawyer
Associate

Ezra Steinhardt advises on European privacy, technology, and trade laws and policy.

Mr. Steinhardt provides clients, including major technology and life sciences companies, NGOs and trade consortia, with compliance advice, and strategic representation in internal and regulatory investigations and public affairs outreach.

44 20 7067 2381
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