Maryland Adds Athlete Safety Provision As It Joins Growing List Of States To Enact Name, Image, And Likeness Law
Maryland Governor Larry Hogan has signed the Jordan McNair Safe and Fair Play Act into law. Beginning in 2023, the Act authorizes student athletes at Maryland colleges and universities to receive compensation for their name, image, and likeness (NIL) and retain agent representation without penalty to the student athlete’s eligibility or participation in intercollegiate competition.
Student athletes are required to disclose any NIL contract in which they enter to their school. A student athlete’s NIL contract cannot conflict with the school’s athletic program contracts. Schools are not required to disclose conflicting provisions of its contracts. Student athletes are also prohibited from using their school’s name and logos to market the student athlete’s individual NIL rights.
Named after former University of Maryland football player Jordan McNair,
the Act also requires Maryland schools to adopt safety guidelines for serious sports-related and preexisting health conditions.
In 2018, McNair collapsed after an offseason workout and died soon after. McNair’s death led to investigations into the University of Maryland and its athletic program. Unlike the delayed implementation of its NIL provisions, the Act’s safety requirements go into effect July 1, 2021.
Although introduced to be fully effective this year, the Act was amended to delay its NIL provisions until 2023 after the University System of Maryland Board of Regents raised concerns about the Act’s potential conflict with proposed rule changes by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and federal legislation. Maryland is home to fifty-five institutions that compete at various NCAA divisions.
After failing to pass NIL legislation in prior legislative sessions, Maryland joins nine other states that have enacted NIL laws during this legislative cycle including Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Six other states, California, Florida, Colorado, Nebraska, New Jersey, and Michigan, previously enacted NIL provisions.
Louisiana, Missouri, and Texas have NIL legislation still making its way through each state’s legislative process, with Missouri’s bill approved and sent to Governor Mike Parson on May 14. A number of other states have had NIL legislation introduced. To date, almost one-third of all schools competing in the NCAA will permit its student athletes to receive NIL compensation. At least five states authorize NIL compensation beginning July 1 of this year.