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State Securities Regulators Are Increasing Actions Against Cryptocurrency Issuers and Exchanges

Cryptocurrency is the newest investment vehicle used by companies to raise capital. At the federal level, the Securities and Exchange Commission has increased its scrutiny of cryptocurrencies over the past two years; but until recently, there has been little oversight by state securities regulators in this area. However, regulatory authorities in many states are now cracking down on cryptocurrency issuers and participants that violate state securities laws. 

While the laws of individual states regarding investing in cryptocurrency vary, it is important to note that all states can assert jurisdiction over securities transactions involving crypto-related subject matter because there is no blanket federal jurisdictional preemption in securities regulation. This means that issuers considering only the federal regulations also may be in violation of a state statute.

Regulatory and law enforcement authorities in many states are paying closer attention to cryptocurrencies, initial coin offerings, and other cryptocurrency-related investment products, and have become more active in enforcing securities laws in connection with such transactions. States with recent investigations include Texas, Colorado, Ohio, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York.

Along the same lines, earlier this year, the North American Securities Administration Association (NASAA) conducted one of the largest coordinated series of enforcement actions by state securities regulators in the United States aimed at cracking down on fraudulent initial coin offerings and cryptocurrency-related investment products, and those behind them. 

Given the new environment in the cryptocurrency world, issuers, broker-dealers, and traders of cryptocurrency should review any cryptocurrency transaction to ensure it is made in compliance with both federal and state securities laws.

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About this Author

Bryan Prosek, Steptoe Johnson Law Firm, Columbus, Corporate and Finance Law Attorney
Member

Bryan Prosek chairs the firm's securities practice group.  He focuses his practice in the area of business transactions, including securities offerings and federal and state registration compliance, corporate and real estate matters, mergers and acquisitions, contracts, licenses and similar agreements, corporate governance, banking and finance, corporate and partnership tax matters, and non-profit tax-exempt matters.

614-458-9793
John Chadd, Steptoe Johnson Law Firm, Energy Transaction and Mineral Law Attorney
Of Counsel

John Chadd focuses his practice in the areas of energy transactional and mineral title law. He advises companies, investors, and lenders on a broad spectrum of oil and gas and energy transactions including finance, acquisitions and divestitures, development and operational matters as well as general mergers and acquisitions and renewable energy projects.  He also represents companies and lenders in lending and finance transactions across a wide array of industries. 

303-389-4316